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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia  

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner, and Jenifer L. Vohs

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are ... More

Absolute Pitch  

Psyche Loui

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Absolute pitch (AP) is the ability to identify or categorize musical pitches accurately without an external reference. Although AP is generally thought to be rare, music psychology research ... More

Achromatic transparency  

Walter Gerbino

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The chapter illustrates the historical background, the theoretical ideas, and the empirical findings that make achromatic transparency a central phenomenon in perceptual organization ... More

The acoustic environment  

William J. Davies

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating ... More

Acquired Alexias: Mechanisms of Reading  

Ellyn A. Riley, C. Elizabeth Brookshire, and Diane L. Kendall

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Reading is one of the most important cognitive skills an individual can acquire and the process of reading has been debated much in the psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, and educational ... More

Acquired Dysgraphias: Mechanisms of Writing  

Pélagie M. Beeson and Kindle Rising

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
Acquired dysgraphia refers to disorders of spelling or writing due to neurological damage in individuals with normal premorbid literacy skills. Dysgraphia can result from the disruption of ... More

The Acquisition and Use of Causal Structure Knowledge  

Benjamin Margolin Rottman

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
This chapter provides an introduction to how humans learn and reason about multiple causal relations connected together in a causal structure. The first half of the chapter focuses on how ... More

Acquisition of Sign Language as a Second Language  

Deborah Chen Pichler and Elena Koulidobrova

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Research interest in sign L21 sign acquisition is growing, fueled by dramatic increases in sign language learning (Welles, 2004). Researchers ask to what extent typical L2 patterns apply to ... More

ACT-R and Beyond  

Dario D. Salvucci

Print publication date:
Oct 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
ACT-R is a computational cognitive architecture intended to represent and simulate human thoughts and behaviors. It posits a declarative knowledge base with an associated computational ... More

Adaptive Automation  

David B. Kaber

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
This chapter presents a review of adaptive automation (AA) research. The motivation for AA includes previous demonstrations of reduced operator cognitive load, increased operator situation awareness, ... More

Adaptive Norm-Based Coding of Face Identity  

Gillian Rhodes and David A. Leopold

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Facial appearance changes with age and health affecting skin color as well as facial and head hair. Yet somehow the brain is able to see past shared structure and dynamic deformations to ... More

Adolescent Literacy: Development and Instruction  

Susan R. Goldman and Catherine E. Snow

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
The demands of literacy tasks change appreciably after students have mastered the basics of reading words accurately and with reasonable automaticity. At about age 10 reading becomes a tool ... More

Advances in the Genetics of Deafness  

Kathleen S. Arnos and Arti Pandya

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Genetic factors are believed to account for more than half of all cases of congenital or early-onset moderate to profound deafness. The identification of several dozen genes for deafness, ... More

Aesthetic Experience in Everyday Environments  

Paul J. Silvia and Katherine N. Cotter

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Most aesthetic experiences happen in everyday environments, far from majestic concert halls and museums. This chapter surveys the major lines of research that explore aesthetic experience ... More

Aesthetic Responses to the Characters, Plots, Worlds, and Style of Stories  

Marta M. Maslej, Joshua A. Quinlan, and Raymond A. Mar

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
This chapter reviews empirical research on aesthetic responses to stories, organizing our review around characters, plots, worlds or setting, and stylistic choices. We begin by outlining ... More

Aesthetic Sensitivity  

Nils Myszkowski

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Since the beginning of the time when researchers have endeavored to understand and identify giftedness and individual ability, they have been attentive to how individuals differ in their ... More

Aesthetics  

David Huron

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
A thumbnail history of experimental aesthetics is offered, including the influences of the cognitive revolution and evolutionary psychology on aesthetic discourse. In contrast to ... More

The Aesthetics of Action and Movement  

Emily S. Cross and Andrea Orlandi

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
The embodied simulation account proposed a pivotal role for the body of an observer in the aesthetic perception of artworks. Beginning with this consideration, this chapter briefly outlines ... More

Aesthetics of Dance  

Beatriz Calvo-Merino

Online publication date:
Feb 2021
How does the brain see and experience dance? Performing arts have captured the attention of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics. In this chapter, the author reviews studies from ... More

Aesthetics, Technology, and Popular Movies  

James E. Cutting

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Popular movies are, with popular music, the most thoroughly and widely entrenched art/media forms on our planet. Because movies are a relatively new art form, the technological changes they ... More

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