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Abortion and Reproductive Rights  

Jane Maslow Cohen

Print publication date:
Jun 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses critical debate about individual control over the beginnings of life that has sprawled across the fields of academic law, philosophy, politics, religion, the life ... More

Accessing Hospitals and Health Professionals  

Eleanor D. Kinney and Priscilla Keith

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter examines the issue of access to healthcare, with particular emphasis on the five dimensions of the model proposed by Roy Penchansky and J. William Thomas: availability, ... More

The Accountability of International Organizations in Refugee and Migration Law  

Jan Klabbers

Print publication date:
Jun 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2021
This chapter highlights the accountability of international organizations in refugee and migration law. It sets out the general responsibility regime as it applies to international ... More

Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights  

Mark Goodale

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the relation between the history of anthropology and human rights. It explains that anthropology first became connected with human rights in 1947 when the United Nations ... More

The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations  

Jenny S. Martinez

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines the history of the emergence in the nineteenth century of non-governmental organizations, focusing on those organized around slavery and women’s rights and suffrage. It explains ... More

The Architecture of the UN Refugee Convention and Protocol  

James C. Hathaway

Print publication date:
Jun 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2021
The architecture of the Refugee Convention and Protocol is unique in the world of international human rights law. Rather than being framed in absolutist terms, these treaties embody a ... More

Armed Conflict and Forced Migration: A Systematic Approach To International Humanitarian Law, Refugee Law, And International Human Rights Law  

Vincent Chetail

Print publication date:
Mar 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
This chapter examines the application of three branches of international law to forced migration and refugee protection in an armed conflict. It provides a comparative assessment of these ... More

Assisted Reproductive Technologies and Abortion  

Judith Daar

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This article focuses on debates, both historic and contemporary, surrounding assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and abortion. After providing a historical background on ART and ... More

Asylum Procedure  

Álvaro Botero and Jens Vedsted-Hansen

Print publication date:
Jun 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2021
This chapter addresses the standards on asylum procedures that apply within various regulatory contexts. Its normative focus includes not only the standards for determination of refugee ... More

Autonomy and Free Speech  

Catriona Mackenzie and Denise Meyerson

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Feb 2021
This chapter evaluates the relationship between autonomy and freedom of speech, examining a variety of autonomy-based justifications for the importance of speech and especially of freedom ... More

The Best Interests of the Child  

Wouter Vandenhole and Gamze Erdem Türkelli

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
The best interests of the child principle is considered a pillar of children’s rights law and, according to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), is to be a primary ... More

Biological Foundations of Human Rights  

Chris A. Robinson

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines biological theories and evidence about the evolution of human traits that are relevant for the development of human rights law. It highlights the human potential for violent and ... More

The Biomedical Research Enterprise  

Mark Barnes and David Peloquin

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This article examines federal and state laws on biomedical research in the United States. It also considers the tension among various regulatory regimes and highlights conflicting ... More

Border Crimes as Crimes against Humanity  

Itamar Mann

Print publication date:
Jun 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2021
This chapter examines border violence as ‘crimes against humanity’. It begins by explaining what it takes to interpret the phrase ‘crimes against humanity’, as it appears in article 7 of ... More

Cessation  

Georgia Cole

Print publication date:
Jun 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2021
This chapter focuses on the cessation of refugee status. Questions about when, how, and why refugee status ends remain critical for academics, States, UNHCR, and refugees alike. If States ... More

Child Participation  

Jaap Doek

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter starts with a critical assessment of the legal foundation of the concept of child participation from the perspective of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is ... More

The Child’s Right to Family  

Barbara Bennett Woodhouse

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter discusses the role played by human rights charters, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the European Charter of Human Rights, and the African Charter on the ... More

A Child-Centered Approach to Children’s Rights Law Living Rights and Translations  

Karl Hanson and Olga Nieuwenhuys

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
A child-centered approach to children’s rights law recognizes that children shape, interpret, and practice what their rights are and that they have the right to do so. This chapter starts ... More

Children in Armed Conflict  

Mark Drumbl

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
This chapter addresses a particularly vulnerable population of children, namely, children associated with armed forces or armed groups. These children are colloquially known as child ... More

Children with Disabilities: Achievements, Prospects, and Challenges Ahead  

Maya Sabatello and Mary Frances Layden

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2020
Children with disabilities are among the most vulnerable groups in the world—and a children’s rights approach is key for reversing historical wrongs and for promoting an inclusive future. ... More

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