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Adaptation in an Uncertain World—Detection and Attribution of Climate Change Trends and Extreme Possibilities  

Xiyue Li and Gary Yohe

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter offers results from an artificial simulation exercise that was designed to answer three fundamental questions that lie at the heart of anticipatory adaptation. First, how can ... More

Analytical and Semi-empirical Models of Tornadoes and Downbursts  

Djordje Romanic and Horia Hangan

Analytical and semi-empirical models are inexpensive to run and can complement experimental and numerical simulations for risk analysis-related applications. Some models are developed by ... More

Antarctic Climate History and Global Climate Changes  

Pontus Lurcock and Fabio Florindo

Antarctic climate changes have been reconstructed from ice and sediment cores and numerical models (which also predict future changes). Major ice sheets first appeared 34 million years ago ... More

Concluding Summary  

Horia Hangan and Ahsan Kareem

This chapter summarizes the book's study on non-synoptic wind storms (NSWSs). The book covers aspects related the general vulnerability to NSWSs in terms of (1) incidence, including the ... More

Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty: Climate Change and Infrastructure Management  

Kelly Klima

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Decision making under questions of deep uncertainty can be vague or specific, open-ended or fixed, easy or hard. This chapter very briefly addresses issues and approaches to decision making ... More

Decision-Making by Water Managers Despite Climate Uncertainty  

Rob Wilby and Conor Murphy

Some of the most profound impacts of climate variability and change are expected in the water sector. These include more frequent, severe, and persistent droughts; more frequent, ... More

Engineering Perspective of Tornadoes  

Kishor C. Mehta

This chapter is an introduction to tornado storms from an engineering perspective. The material included here relates to warnings and subsequent response by people, the chance of tornado ... More

Forecasting of Tornadoes and Downbursts: Challenges, Prioritization, and Progress  

Djordje Romanic

Tornadoes and downbursts cause extreme wind speeds that often present a threat to human safety, structures, and the environment. While the accuracy of weather forecasts has increased ... More

Improving Infrastructure Resilience in Developing Countries  

Julie Rozenberg, Laura Bonzanigo, and Claire Nicolas

Increasing the amount of resilient infrastructure investments in developing countries is key to achieving development goals. Two issues need to be addressed to better support investment ... More

Indirect elicitation from ecological experts: From methods and software to habitat modelling and rock-wallabies  

Claudia Tebaldi and Richard Smith

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article focuses on techniques for eliciting expert judgement about complex uncertainties, and more specifically the habitat of the Australian brush-tailed rock-wallaby. Modelling ... More


Horia Hangan and Ahsan Kareem

This Oxford handbook on non-synoptic wind systems is an outlook of the state of knowledge of various aspects of these wind systems and their impacts on our natural and build environment. ... More

The new macroeconometrics: A Bayesian approach  

Peter Challenor, Doug McNeall, and James Gattiker

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
This article examines the dynamics of the US economy over the last five decades using Bayesian analysis of dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models. It highlights an example ... More

Novel Physical Simulators for Non-Synoptic Wind Systems: Limitations and Future Evolution  

Horia Hangan, Maryam Refan, Partha P. Sarkar, and Delong Zuo

The study of wind effects on buildings and structures is primarily based on physical simulations of wind events. Synoptic, atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) winds have been simulated in ... More

Other Models: Data-Driven Approaches for Non-Stationary Non-Synoptic Winds  

Dae Kun Kwon and Ahsan Kareem

In comparison with atmospheric boundary layer winds, which are generally regarded as stationary, windstorms such as hurricanes, typhoons, and cyclones; thunderstorms and downbursts; and ... More

Projections and Hazards of Future Extreme Heat  

Colin Raymond, Dim Coumou, Tim Foreman, Andrew King, Kai Kornhuber, Corey Lesk, Camilo Mora, Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Simone Russo, and Sem Vijverberg

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
This chapter surveys how the state of knowledge about the physical processes that cause extreme heat and the societal factors that determine its impacts can be used to better predict these ... More

Simplified Hazard Modeling and Structural Reliability Analysis Considering Non-Synoptic Wind Systems (NSWS) in Canada  

Han Ping Hong and Qian Huang

High-intensity wind events such as tornadoes and downbursts can be very destructive to structures and infrastructure systems. In the present chapter, an overview of the assessment of the ... More

Structural Response to Non-Stationary Thunderstorm Outflows  

Dae Kun Kwon, Giovanni Solari, and Ahsan Kareem

The mechanics associated with thunderstorm outflows differ significantly from traditional turbulence in boundary layer winds both in its kinematics and dynamics. The key distinguishing ... More

Toward the Codification of Thunderstorm/Downburst Winds  

Dae Kun Kwon, Ahsan Kareem, and Giovanni Solari

Non-synoptic winds often exhibit rapid changes during a short period, which may be accompanied by changes in direction. This introduces non-stationarity both in the mean and the standard ... More

Trends in Vulnerability to Climate-related Hazards in the Pacific: Research, Understanding and Implications  

John Hay, Virginie Duvat, and Alexandre K. Magnan

The unique coping capacities and other attributes that Pacific island nations have been developing for centuries have sustained them in the face of an enormous range of local and global ... More

Urban Climate and Risk  

Teodoro Georgiadis

This work reports on the main physical processes that arise in the environment of the megacity from the “urban metabolism”—the complex interactions of the climate with the activities ... More