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Adaptation in an Uncertain World—Detection and Attribution of Climate Change Trends and Extreme Possibilities  

Xiyue Li and Gary Yohe

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter offers results from an artificial simulation exercise that was designed to answer three fundamental questions that lie at the heart of anticipatory adaptation. First, how can ... More

Aerodynamic Loading Due to Non-Synoptic Wind Systems  

Jubayer Chowdhury and Teng Wu

In this chapter, an effort has been made to give an overview of the aerodynamic loading on structures due to non-synoptic wind events, mainly tornadoes and downbursts. A brief description ... More

Analytical and Semi-empirical Models of Tornadoes and Downbursts  

Djordje Romanic and Horia Hangan

Analytical and semi-empirical models are inexpensive to run and can complement experimental and numerical simulations for risk analysis-related applications. Some models are developed by ... More

Assessing Volcanic Hazard: A Review  

Joan Martí Molist

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Volcanoes represent complex geological systems capable of generating many dangerous phenomena. To evaluate and manage volcanic risk, we need first to assess volcanic hazard (i.e., identify ... More

Assessing Wind Damage to Residential Structures  

Timothy P. Marshall and J. Arn Womble

Most building damage occurs at relatively low wind speeds, at or below 50 m s–1 (112 mph), as certain components fail, such as doors, windows, chimneys, and roof coverings. Rainwater then ... More

Characteristics of Downslope Wind Storms in the View of the Typical Atmospheric Boundary Layer  

Hrvoje Kozmar and Branko Grisogono

There is a clear need to learn more about the exact characteristics of downslope wind storms in order to accurately address relevant topics in environmental aerodynamics and wind ... More

Coastal Hazards, Risks, and Marine Extreme Events: What Are We Doing About It?  

Eduardo Marone, Ricardo de Camargo, and Julio Salcedo Castro

This article describes the threat costal hazards pose to existing life in light of climate change and natural disaster. It includes an overview of flooding, extreme waves, and other ... More

Concluding Summary  

Horia Hangan and Ahsan Kareem

This chapter summarizes the book's study on non-synoptic wind storms (NSWSs). The book covers aspects related the general vulnerability to NSWSs in terms of (1) incidence, including the ... More

Convective Storms and the Insurance Industry: Challenges and Opportunities  

Kirsten D. Orwig

Convective storms affect countries worldwide, with billions in losses and dozens of fatalities every year. They are now the key insured loss driver in the United States, even after ... More

Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty: Climate Change and Infrastructure Management  

Kelly Klima

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Decision making under questions of deep uncertainty can be vague or specific, open-ended or fixed, easy or hard. This chapter very briefly addresses issues and approaches to decision making ... More

Decision-Making by Water Managers Despite Climate Uncertainty  

Rob Wilby and Conor Murphy

Some of the most profound impacts of climate variability and change are expected in the water sector. These include more frequent, severe, and persistent droughts; more frequent, ... More

Disaster Resilience Policy through the Lens of Culture and Values  

James R. Bohland and Jennifer Lawrence

Online publication date:
Nov 2020
With the transition from a descriptive construct to a normative concept, resilience has engendered debate as to its appropriateness and effectiveness as a community planning strategy in ... More

Earthquake Risk Assessment  

Max Wyss

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This article discusses the importance of assessing and estimating the risk of earthquakes. It begins with an overview of earthquake prediction and relevant terms, namely: earthquake hazard, ... More

Economic and Policy Issues for Wind-Resistant Construction  

Kevin M. Simmons

This chapter summarizes recent research first on the policy prescription of building codes designed with wind engineering principles, then on research concerning how markets for ... More

Engineering Perspective of Tornadoes  

Kishor C. Mehta

This chapter is an introduction to tornado storms from an engineering perspective. The material included here relates to warnings and subsequent response by people, the chance of tornado ... More

Extremely Gusty Winds from a Viewpoint of Aerodynamic Force  

Junji Maeda, Takashi Takeuchi, Eriko Tomokiyo, and Yukio Tamura

To quantitatively investigate a gusty wind from the viewpoint of aerodynamic forces, a wind tunnel that can control the rise time of a step-function-like gust was devised and utilized. When ... More

Forecasting of Tornadoes and Downbursts: Challenges, Prioritization, and Progress  

Djordje Romanic

Tornadoes and downbursts cause extreme wind speeds that often present a threat to human safety, structures, and the environment. While the accuracy of weather forecasts has increased ... More

Groundbreaking Contributions to Downburst Monitoring, Modeling, and Detection  

Massimiliano Burlando and Djordje Romanic

Severe winds produced by thunderstorm outflows cause damage to structures and properties worldwide. Due to their high frequency of occurrence, these winds can be considered one of the most ... More

Improving Infrastructure Resilience in Developing Countries  

Julie Rozenberg, Laura Bonzanigo, and Claire Nicolas

Increasing the amount of resilient infrastructure investments in developing countries is key to achieving development goals. Two issues need to be addressed to better support investment ... More


Horia Hangan and Ahsan Kareem

This Oxford handbook on non-synoptic wind systems is an outlook of the state of knowledge of various aspects of these wind systems and their impacts on our natural and build environment. ... More