Michelle A. Skinner, Cynthia A. Berg, and Bert N. Uchino
This chapter reviews research on the contextual variation that is seen in how older adults experience and regulate emotion evoked by interpersonal problem solving. It begins by exploring the general developmental shift toward the experience of more positive emotion and how this shift may be dependent on context and problem constraints by utilizing the concepts of Strengths and Vulnerability Integration. It examines four different everyday problem-solving contexts in middle-aged and older adult married couples and then considers the physiological processes that might be related to emotion regulation during adulthood.
Barbara L. Wheeler
Research is an integral part of music therapy. Music therapy research is published in numerous journals in music therapy and related disciplines. Both quantitative and qualitative research are important, with each type fulfilling a different purpose. The main determinant of the method is the question that is being asked, since different questions suggest different research methods. Music therapy research can be divided into the topical areas of discipline research, profession research, and foundational research. Research reviews of various types are presented, and examples of quantitative and qualitative research in discipline and profession research are given. Examples of discipline research in the areas of autism spectrum disorders, psychiatric music therapy, neurological disorders, dementia, and medical problems and of profession research in the areas of employment practices and educational practices are included. Foundational research may be done in the areas of psychology of music, music, psychology, medicine, education, and other related disciplines.