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Achaemenid Political History and Sources  

Amélie Kuhrt

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This article provides an outline of the Achaemenid empire’s political history followed by an overview of the diverse sources for understanding some of its institutions. Despite inherent ... More

The American Jewish Press  

Jonathan D. Sarna

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Since their emergence in the first half of the nineteenth century, Jewish newspapers have helped to shape religious community, tied far-flung American Jews together, and kept them informed. ... More

Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament  

Gerard J. Norton

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These ... More

Animal Studies, Feminism, and Biblical Interpretation  

Ken Stone

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
What can animal studies contribute to feminist biblical interpretation? This essay explores this question by calling attention to the role of feminist and gender analysis in contemporary ... More

Assessing the Text‐Critical Theories of the Hebrew Bible after Qumran  

Ronald S. Hendel

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The biblical texts from Qumran are the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, dating from the mid-third century BCE through the first century CE. Prior to the discovery of the Qumran ... More

Assyrian and Babylonian Sources  

Martti Nissinen

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This article introduces the Assyrian and Babylonian sources relevant to the Old Testament historical books. The corpus of Assyrian sources consists mainly of royal inscriptions between the ... More

Authoritative Scriptures and the Dead Sea Scrolls  

Timothy H. Lim

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The approach advocated in this article is the understanding of canon as authoritative literature that is binding for the Qumran community. The distinctive features of this approach are: ... More

Authors, Books, and Readers in the Ancient World  

Alan Millard

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authorship, books, and readers in Old Testament and New Testament times. In the Old Testament world, authorship is necessarily admitted in letters, and related to ... More

Bathsheba in Contemporary Romance Novels  

Sara M. Koenig

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The biblical texts about Bathsheba have notorious gaps, even by the laconic standards of Hebrew narrative. Post-biblical receptions of the story flesh out the terse chapters of 2 Samuel ... More

The Bible and Anti‐Semitism  

Tobias Nicklas

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article examines the misuse of biblical texts in order to underpin the ideology of an ‘Aryan’ or ‘German Christendom’. Seen against the backdrop of anti-Semitic ideologies, it asks to ... More

The Bible and Human Rights from a Feminist Perspective  

Carole R. Fontaine

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This essay explores the socially restrictive traditions that cause scriptural groups to reject the idea of universal rights and equal access to economic, social and cultural rights. This ... More

Bible Reading and/after Theory  

Valentine Cunningham

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The nature of modern Bible study changed in or about September 1969 when the French Catholic Association for the Study of the Bible got the already renommé structuralist Roland Barthes to ... More

The Bible, Women, and Video Games  

Linda S. Schearing

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
In recent years much has been written about religion, gender, and video games. Indeed, video game worlds often give concrete expression to powerful mythic themes. The video game Bioshock is ... More

Biblical Border Slippage and Feminist Postcolonial Criticism  

Judith E. McKinlay

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The essay takes as its cue the biblical figures of Eve and Wisdom, both of whom slip through the divine/human border. Eve brings knowledge of good and evil and Wisdom offers a concern for ... More

Biblical Interpretation and Kyriarchal Globalization  

Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza

Print publication date:
Dec 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
Feminist biblical studieaas engage both wo/men and gender studies for their work, but the feminist analysis is not identical with and cannot be limited to gender studies. Rather, feminist ... More

Bob Dylan's Bible  

Michael J. Gilmour

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Few contemporary artists have endured so long, reinvented themselves so frequently and successfully (folk, rock, country, gospel music), and contributed in such diverse media (music, film, ... More

The Book of Enoch and the Qumran Scrolls  

James C. VanderKam

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The work that is today called the Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch is actually a collection of ancient booklets written at different times by several authors, almost all of them composed in the ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Composition History  

Uwe Becker

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter discusses the complex literary growth (Redaktionsgeschichte) that lies behind Isa 1–66, with special focus on history of research. The most important contribution can be ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Its Final Structure  

Jacob Stromberg

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
This chapter examines the structure of the book of Isaiah. It argues that the parts of the book have been organized into a meaningful whole for the ancient reader. In part, this has been ... More

The Book of Isaiah: Persian/Hellenistic Background  

Kristin Joachimsen

Print publication date:
Jan 2021
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
The chapter discusses topics that scholars have associated with the Persian context of the book of Isaiah, such as Cyrus, creation, monotheism, and universalism. Common to these topics is ... More

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