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‘A Cloud of Witnesses’: Tractarians and Tractarian Ventures  

James Pereiro

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The leaders of the Oxford Movement were supported by a cast of friends and disciples who made important contributions to the ideas and initiatives associated with the Movement. Most of ... More

“A Muslim from America”  

Nadirah Shabazz

Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Subject:
Religion, Islam
Using the Autobiography of Malcolm X, this chapter examines the concept of Muslim American indigeneity and the emerging Muslim American literature canon as responses to a history of ... More

Abdolkarim Soroush  

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three distinct periods: (1) a critique of ... More

Abraham and Authenticity  

Reuven Firestone

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The Abrahamic religions recognize Abraham as the first to arrive at the truth of monotheism and live out the ideal relationship with God. He is the archetype of the stalwart religious ... More

Abraham Kuyper’s Lectures on Calvinism  

Richard J. Mouw

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2020
Abraham Kuyper’s Lectures on Calvinism make available in printed form his 1898 Stone Lectures delivered at Princeton Theological Seminary, locating ‘Calvinism’ amongst other major ... More

Abrahamic Experiments in History  

Adam J. Silverstein

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter argues that both the focus on Abraham as a unifying figure and the categorization of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam as comparable religions (which, importantly, are to be ... More

The Abrahamic Religions and the Classical Tradition  

Peter E. Pormann

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The classical tradition not only provided the backdrop against which the Abrahamic religions emerged, but also provided a constant source of inspiration for their development over the ... More

The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant theologians ... More

The Abrahamic Religions in the Mediterranean  

David Abulafia

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The Mediterranean has been an exceptionally important place of interaction, competition, and, at times, conflict among Jews, Christians, and Muslims, throughout the centuries since the rise ... More

Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) Theory of ‘States’ (aḥwāl) and its Adaption by Ashʿarite Theologians  

Jan Thiele

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī ... More

Academic Scholarship and the Qur’an  

Andrew Rippin

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Charting key turning points in the history of the academic study of the Qur’an, this chapter offers a survey of the debates and arguments which dominate discussions. Exploring what is meant ... More

Achaemenid Political History and Sources  

Amélie Kuhrt

Print publication date:
Nov 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This article provides an outline of the Achaemenid empire’s political history followed by an overview of the diverse sources for understanding some of its institutions. Despite inherent ... More

Activist Christians, the Human Rights Movement, and Democratization in Latin America  

Nick Rowell

Print publication date:
Mar 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This chapter is a critical literature review of recent social science research describing and analyzing the participation of Christian churches in various phases of the human rights ... More

The Acts of the Apostles, Narrative, and History  

Rubén René Dupertuis

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The Acts of the Apostles offers a kind of sequel to Gospel of Luke, telling the story of the spread of the Jesus movement through the activities of key leaders, beginning in Jerusalem, ... More

Adam and Eve  

Peter C. Bouteneff

Print publication date:
May 2019
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Adam and Eve, who barely appear in the Bible after they are introduced in the book of Genesis, serve a short but important list of functions within early Christian writing. They represent ... More

Adam and the Making of Masculinity  

Eric Thurman

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The narrative(s) in Genesis 1–3 is a foundational text for Western discourse on gender and sexuality. To date, studies of biblical masculinities have virtually ignored the biblical first ... More

Adherence and Conversion to Daoism  

Louis Komjathy

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
The chapter examines adherence and conversion in the Daoist religious tradition. In addition to discussing “conversion” as a comparative category and as a cultural phenomenon in China, this ... More

Aesthetically Oriented Interpretations of the Qur’ān  

Kamal Abu-Deeb

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2020
The tradition of Qurʾānic interpretation is one of the richest aspects of cultural production in Arabic. Its richness goes beyond the question of explaining the content of Qurʾānic verses ... More

Aesthetics and Religion  

Richard Viladesau

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
A systematic consideration of the multiple relationships between aesthetics and religion demands a sorting-out of concepts and issues. “Aesthetics” may be understood as practice (art) and ... More

Aesthetics and the Arts in Relation to Natural Theology  

Frank Burch Brown

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the significance of aesthetics and the arts to natural theology, first discussing ways that natural theology can circumvent the evident religiosity of certain kinds of art. It ... More

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