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Analyzing the Middle East  

Gilbert Achcar

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Marx’s historical materialism is a powerful antidote to culturalist essentialism of the kind that became known as Orientalism after Edward Said. The Marxian perspective allows for a full ... More

Bourdieu, Distinction, and Aesthetic Consumption  

Omar Lizardo

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
This chapter argues that rather than being focused on the higher levels of consumption of aesthetic goods on the part of the educated class, Pierre Bourdieu’s main hypothesis in ... More

Capital: A Revolutionary Social Form  

Patrick Murray

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Capital is the fundamental concept of modern social theory because capital is the foundation of bourgeois society. Unlike produced means of production, capital is a specific social form of ... More

Capital  

Andrew Kliman

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter explicates Marx’s concept of capital and highlights its centrality to his book Capital, arguing that Capital is specifically about capital, not all of capitalist society. In ... More

Capital in General and Competition: The Production and Distribution of Surplus Value  

Fred Moseley

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter argues that capital in general and competition are the two main levels of abstraction in Marx’s theory in Capital and that they correspond to the theories of the production of ... More

Capitalist Social Reproduction: The Contradiction between Production and Social Reproduction under Capitalism  

Martha E. Gimenez

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This entry will look at Marx’s theoretical contributions to social reproduction in relationship to critical assessments of his alleged “neglect” of reproduction and to the development of ... More

Class, Caste, and Social Stratification in India: Weberian Legacy  

Hira Singh

Online publication date:
May 2019
Max Weber’s distinction between class and status, identifying caste as the latter, is the single most important influence on the mainstream sociology of caste. There is ambiguity in ... More

The Commodification of Knowledge and Information  

Tomás Rotta and Rodrigo Teixeira

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This entry presents an analysis of the commodification of knowledge and information in contemporary capitalism. We provide a consistent account of how information as a commodity effects ... More

Conclusion: Toward a New Paradigm for Understanding Poverty  

Mark R. Rank

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
This concluding article proposes a new paradigm in which to understand poverty, focusing primarily on the United States even as several dimensions of the paradigm apply globally across ... More

Consumer Culture Theory  

Eric J. Arnould and Craig J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Consumer culture theory (CCT) refers to a heteroglossic assemblage of theoretical perspectives and methodological orientations that seeks to illuminate the dynamic, interactive ... More

Contemporary Capitalism and the Distribution of Power in Society  

John Scott

Online publication date:
May 2019
This article examines Weber’s partial and fragmentary discussions of power and domination. It reconstructs a basis for Weber’s argument through introducing ideas of persuasive and coercive ... More

The Continuing Relevance of the Marxist Tradition for Transcending Capitalism  

Erik Olin Wright

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Marx’s formulation of a theory of transcending capitalism is unsatisfactory for two main reasons: 1) the dynamics of capitalism may generate great harm, but they do not, as Marx claimed, ... More

Democratic Socialist Planning  

Pat Devine

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter summarizes Marx’s vision of a socialist/Communist society, sets out the defining characteristics of democracy and planning, and assesses the historical experience of the ... More

Economics and Society and the Fate of Liberal Capitalism  

Sam Whimster

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Weber’s writings on economic history, economic policy, and schools of economics and his teaching of economics are outlined. His engagement with, and expertise in, economics are revealed to ... More

The Eight Steps in Marx’s Dialectical Method  

Bertell Ollman

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
What one understands about dialectics often depends on the order in which it is presented. This article begins with the philosophy of internal relations, in which everything is conceived ... More

The Enduring Relevance of Karl Marx  

Paul Prew, Tomás Rotta, Tony Smith, and Matt Vidal

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter is the introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Karl Marx. It demonstrates the continuing applicability of Marx’s concepts and theories to understanding twenty-first century ... More

Is There a Future for Bourgeois Liberalism?  

Robert J. Antonio

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Distinguished by extreme, systematized rationalism, Weber argued, bourgeois culture makes the social world in some ways more predictable and more comfortable but precludes a widely shared ... More

Labor Unions and Movements  

Barry Eidlin

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Labor unions occupy a paradoxical position within Marxist theory. They are an essential yet limited vehicle for shaping the working class into a collective actor, as unions’ role is to ... More

Marx’s Conceptualization of Value in Capital  

Geert Reuten

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
This article reviews the three conceptual stages of the determinants of the commodities’ value in Marx’s Capital. It concludes that the dynamic second stage (designed in 1866–1867) ... More

Marx, Technology, and the Pathological Future of Capitalism  

Tony Smith

Print publication date:
Jun 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This entry begins with a summary of the almost universally accepted “standard view” of technological change in capitalism. Marx’s alternative account of the role of technology in ... More

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