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American Political Development and Political History  

Richard R. John

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This essay traces the long and productive relationship between two genres of historical writing: American political development (or APD) and American political history. It is written ... More

American Political Parties: History, Voters, Critical Elections, and Party Systems  

Joel H. Silbey

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article provides a sweeping analysis of the history of American political parties. It specifically uses the lens of critical election theory to explore the scholarly treatment of the ... More

Analyzing American Political Development as It Happens  

Theda Skocpol

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Historical institutional scholars can analyze politics as it happens, not just developments long past. A powerful theoretical approach should give clear guidance about questions worth ... More

APD and Rational Choice  

Jeffery A. Jenkins

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Rational choice and American political development (APD) both emerged as responses to (perceived) limitations with the dominant behavioral tradition. While their critiques were based on ... More

Behavioral Approaches to the Study of Congress  

Bruce I. Oppenheimer

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article begins with Robert Peabody's Congress: Two Decades of Analysis. His essay serves as a benchmark to help with the evaluation of the progress in the behavioral study of ... More

Bicameral Representation  

Frances E. Lee

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
In James Madison's Federalist 51, he justified the framer's stand on dividing the national legislature into two branches to disperse and check political power. Reflecting on this ... More

Bureaucracy and the Administrative State  

Colin D. Moore

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
Over the past thirty years, scholars in the field of American Political Development (APD) have made major advances in understanding the structure and development of the US administrative ... More

Campaign Finance in Congressional Elections  

Robin Kolodny

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
The importance of congressional campaign finance has been central to congressional elections. Many studies have focused on the overall role of money on election outcomes. However, the role ... More

Congress and the Executive Branch: Delegation and Presidential Dominance  

B. Dan Wood

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
In many respects, the presidency envisioned by the founders of the American constitution was to be a passive agent of Congress. Historically under a monarchial rule, Americans have become ... More

Congressional Campaigns  

Tracy Sulkin

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Congressional campaigns are central to democratic governance. They are deemed as the “place where the representative form of government begins and ends” and they serve as institutional ... More

Congressional Committees  

C. Lawrence Evans

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article outlines significant changes that have happened in congressional scholarship as it relates to committees. This article argues that the transformation of committee research ... More

Congressional Redistricting  

Michael P. McDonald

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Members of the United States House of Representatives represent geographically define constituencies called districts. Redistricting is the process of defining district's boundaries. It is ... More

Congressional Reforms  

E. Scott Adler

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
This article provides a wide-ranging review of the political science literature on congressional reforms. It traces the historical development of literature and highlights the most ... More

Deliberation in Congress  

Paul J. Quirk and William Bendix

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Winning and losing is a prominent feature of politics in Congress: an institution where decisions are determined by counting votes. In the politics of Congress, the more important concern ... More

Descriptive Representation: Understanding the Impact of Identity on Substantive Representation of Group Interests  

Michele L. Swers and Stella M. Rouse

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Since 1992, the U.S. Congress has experienced dramatic change in the demographic makeup of its membership. While Congress is dominantly a male, white institution, the creation of ... More

Dyadic Representation  

Stephen Ansolabehere and Philip Edward Jones

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
May 2011
Congressional representation occurs at two levels: local and national. Constituents select their representative and the country as a whole selects the entire Congress. The understanding of ... More

E. E. Schattschneider, The Semi-Sovereign People: A Realist’s View of Democracy in America  

Donley Studlar

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
E. E. Schattschneider’s short book, The Semi-Sovereign People: A Realist’s View of Democracy in America (1960), is an analysis of the functioning of US democracy, especially the struggle ... More

The Executive Branch  

Terrence A. Maxwell

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This article investigates the executive function in New York State. The governor of New York is considered among the most powerful executives in the 50 states, while the actual degree of ... More

Executives—The American Presidency  

William G. Howell

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides a survey of the state of quantitative research on the presidency twenty-five years after Edwards issued his original entreaty. It briefly documents the publication ... More

Federalism and American Political Development  

David Brian Robertson

Print publication date:
Aug 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Federalism has influenced American political development deeply because it has been used as a powerful, enduring weapon in battles over politics and policy. The Constitution authorized the ... More

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