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About Institutions, Mainly, but not Exclusively, Political  

Jean Blondel

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the concept of institution by examining the components of an institution and the way in which institutionalization can increase or decrease. It considers the place ... More

Agricultural Futures: The Politics of Knowledge  

Ian Scoones

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Global assessments have become central to international debates on a range of key policy issues. They attempt to combine “expert assessment” with processes of “stakeholder consultation” in ... More

Authoritarian Legislatures  

Paul Schuler and Edmund J. Malesky

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter examines legislatures in authoritarian regimes. It first reviews the history of how scholars of authoritarianism have conceived institutions, along with the theoretical ... More

Bicameralism  

John Uhr

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides a review of the current research on bicameralism. It argues that there is no single model of bicameralism and no single explanatory theory. It shows that contemporary ... More

Broadcasting versus Narrowcasting: Do Mass Media Exist in the Twenty-First Century?  

Miriam J. Metzger

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter explores the question of the continuing relevance of “mass media” due to recent technological changes in the media landscape. The chapter traces the history of media content ... More

Candidate Selection: Implications and Challenges for Legislative Behaviour  

Reuven Y. Hazan

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Before they can seek re-election, incumbent politicians must be reselected by their own party. Unless they decided not to seek re-election, the behavior of legislators in the legislature ... More

The Changing Architecture of the National Security State  

Andreas Busch

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
If nation states over the last decades have characteristically reduced the scope of their activities and delegated tasks to other actors, as research has shown, the area of the national ... More

Cinema and Television  

Stephen Gundle

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Cinema and television have affected Italian politics in different ways. Despite the limited prominence of politics in cinema, with the exception of comedy, political parties have made use ... More

Committees  

Shane Martin

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Legislative committees are internal subunits of the legislature comprised of legislators and enjoying certain delegated authority. As a common form of legislative organization, committees ... More

Comparative Executive–Legislative Relations  

Matthew Søberg Shugart

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article looks at comparative executive-legislative relations, beginning with early theoretical considerations and their modern application. It discusses the forms of constitutional ... More

Comparative Federalism  

Brian Galligan

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses comparative federalism. It first considers the changing global environment that favors federalism, and then discusses more familiar structures of country-specific ... More

Comparative Legislative Behavior  

Eric M. Uslaner and Thomas Zittel

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article talks about the increase in polarization and heightened partisanship in the United Sates Congress. This is where party leaders firmly control the agenda and where voters in ... More

Comparative Studies of the Economy and the Vote  

Raymond M. Duch

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article looks at comparative studies of the economy and the vote and is divided into three major parts. The first portion provides a summary of the four important contributions of ... More

Compliance, Consent, and Legitimacy  

Russell Hardin

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses compliance, consent, and legitimacy, which can all be used as strictly descriptive and positive terms. The last two, however, tend to be given a normative slant. ... More

The Compromesso Storico  

Stephen Hellman

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
The Compromesso Storico denotes the strategy pursued by the Communist Party during most of the 1970s. The Left’s failure to capitalize on the social upheaval of the late 1960s, the 1973 ... More

Conclusion: States Transforming  

Evelyne Huber, Matthew Lange, Stephan Leibfried, Jonah D. Levy, Frank Nullmeier, and John D. Stephens

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
States and the state system have changed in major ways. The international system has moved away from the classical state system of “absolute sovereignty” to a twenty-first century one of ... More

Conditions for Political Accountability in a High-Choice Media Environment  

Markus Prior

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Communication technology has increased availability of public affairs information, but many citizens ignore it. How do greater availability and less widespread consumption of news affect ... More

The Constitution  

Giuliano Amato

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
The current Italian Constitution was drafted by the Constitutional Assembly elected at the end of World War II. The constitution reflects a compromise between Christian Democrats, ... More

Constitutional History  

Olof Petersson

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
In one sense, Sweden follows the general pattern of constitution-making. The major shifts in the constitutional history have occurred in the aftermath of great crises. Constitutions have ... More

Constructivist Institutionalism  

Colin Hay

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides a summary of the distinctiveness of constructivist institutionalism and tries to identify the nature of the challenge that it poses. It considers the origins of ... More

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