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The Electoral System of Israel  

Matthew S. Shugart

The electoral system of Israel is an “extreme” example of proportional representation because of its use of a single nationwide district. This feature has been a constant since 1949, while ... More

Human Rights, the Rule of Law, and Democracy  

Tobias Berger and Milli Lake

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter examines the promotion of human rights, the rule of law, and democracy by external actors in areas of limited statehood. It begins with the definition of key terms and a brief ... More

The Judiciary in Nigeria Since 1999  

Patrick Ukata

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Since May 1999, the Nigerian judiciary has increasingly been called upon to play a more critical role in interpreting the constitution, ensuring the enforcement of the rule of law and the ... More

The Legislative Branch in Israel  

Chen Friedberg and Reuven Y. Hazan

The Knesset is the legislative body of Israel, which has been a parliamentary, unitary democracy since its foundation. It is a unicameral parliament, elected through a proportional ... More

Parties and the Party System of Israel  

Reuven Y. Hazan

Both the parties and the party system of Israel have undergone significant changes during the last seventy years. This chapter begins by delineating the transformation of the political ... More

Political Reform in Israel  

Gideon Rahat

Israel has experienced both failed and successful attempts to reform its democratic institutions in the seventy years since its founding. The most noteworthy failure has been in the ... More