Andrea Mennicken and Michael Power
This chapter explores the role of auditors in systems of corporate governance. The discussion refers to international comparisons, where the changing regulatory, methodological, and institutional dimensions of internal and external auditing are emphasized. The first section takes a look at auditing within a fluid and developing corporate governance space, which provides guarantees regarding internal control quality and financial statement. It then discusses auditing standards and knowledge, and related pressures to direct the quality of the auditing market. Finally, the chapter shows auditing as a powerful model of governance.
Nola Buhr and Rob Gray
This article investigates the nature and detail of environmental management systems. It explores how environmental management systems and the organization's management control systems might (or might not) be brought into harmony. The relationship between environmental management systems, environmental management accounting, and the natural environment are explained. The level of integration between environmental management systems and management control systems depends upon the strategy and objectives of the organization and the status of the environment. As long as win-win opportunities exist, the development and integration of environmental management systems and management control systems is a clear imperative. Full-cost accounting is considerably more demanding than environmental accounting and even more subjective. Despite pessimism (or perhaps it is just realism), one have an abiding belief in the importance of understanding humanity's relationship with the natural environment and the role that environmental management accounting and environmental management systems can play in that relationship.