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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia  

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner, and Jenifer L. Vohs

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are ... More

The acoustic environment  

William J. Davies

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating ... More

The afferent synapse  

Jonathan Ashmore

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of ... More

Aging changes in the central auditory system  

Robert D. Frisina

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes ... More

Alignment in dialogue  

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and ... More

Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases  

Rolf Verleger

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using ... More

Analogy and Relational Reasoning  

Keith J. Holyoak

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Analogy is an inductive mechanism based on structured comparisons of mental representations. It is an important special case of role-based relational reasoning, in which inferences are ... More

Animal Metacognition  

J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran, and Justin J. Couchman

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Metacognition refers to the monitoring and control of basic cognitive processes. The presumption is that some minds have a cognitive executive that oversees and regulates thinking and ... More

Applications of Neuroscience to Mathematics Education  

Bert De Smedt and Roland H. Grabner

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
In this chapter, we explore three types of applications of neuroscience to mathematics education: neurounderstanding, neuroprediction, and neurointervention. Neurounderstanding refers to ... More

Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way  

Ken Cheng

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals. They include insects, spiders, and hard-shelled invertebrates such as crabs. This chapter reviews four broad topics on the navigational ... More

Artificial Categories and Prototype Effects in Animals  

Masako Jitsumori

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews studies documenting that nonhuman animals, such as pigeons and monkeys, are capable of learning artificial categories created based on assumptions concerning the ... More

Associative Accounts of Causality Judgments  

Martha Escobar and Ralph R. Miller

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews the successes and failures of associative theory as an account of causal learning, the most prominent alternative approaches, and a possible reconciliation of these ... More

Audiovisual Cross-Modal Correspondences in the General Population  

Cesare Parise and Charles Spence

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
For more than a century now, researchers have acknowledged the existence of seemingly arbitrary crossmodal congruency effects between dimensions of sensory stimuli in the general (i.e., ... More

Audiovisual speech perception and word recognition  

Dominic W. Massaro and Alexandra Jesse

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article gives an overview of the main research questions and findings unique to audiovisual speech perception research, and discusses what general questions about speech perception ... More

Auditory attention  

Charles Spence and Valerio Santangelo

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the phenomenon of auditory attention. It briefly reviews the key empirical findings to have emerged from studies of auditory selective attention over the last fifty ... More

Auditory basis of language and learning disorders  

Lorna F. Halliday and David R. Moore

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Language and learning disorders are defined as any delay or deviance in an individual's normal language and cognitive development, which cannot be explained by a lack of opportunity to ... More

Auditory development and learning  

Karen Mattock, Sygal Amitay, and David R. Moore

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Auditory system function is constantly changing in response to internal and external forces; genetic, disease, and experience. This article addresses the changing nature of auditory ... More

Auditory organization  

Benjamin J. Dyson

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides a detailed account of auditory organization: How the auditory system separates out the sounds from different sources, and groups together the sounds from the same ... More

Auditory perception: Interactions with vision  

Charles Spence and Salvador Soto-Faraco

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
What is heard is determined by much more than the sounds entering the ears, and the real-world perception needs to be understood as a multisensory experience. This article describes how ... More

Auditory perceptual organization  

Susan Denham and István Winkler

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Sounds carry information about things that happen in our environment and so the sense of auditory perception is primarily concerned with interpreting the unfolding of events in time. In ... More

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