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Aging and Metacognitive Control  

Christopher Hertzog

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2015
This chapter reviews age differences in metacognitive control, defined as behaviors based on the monitoring of cognitive systems and states with the goal of improving the quality of ... More

Anosognosia and Metacognition in Alzheimer’s Disease: Insights from Experimental Psychology  

Alexandra Ernst, Chris J.A. Moulin, Celine Souchay, Daniel C. Mograbi, and Robin Morris

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
While metacognition and anosognosia have long been studied as distinct concepts, more recently we have endeavored to construct a theoretical framework for exploring how metacognition can ... More

Autism and the Philosophy of Mind  

R. Peter Hobson

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
In order to understand the pathogenesis of autism, one needs to have an adequate framework within which to think about the nature of typical as well as atypical early human mental ... More

Clinical Practice in Music Therapy  

Corene Hurt-Thaut

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This chapter is an overview of music therapy, a healthcare profession in which music is used as a therapeutic medium to address developmental, adaptive, and rehabilitative goals in the ... More

Cognitive and Information Processing Approaches to Understanding Suicidal Behaviors  

Amy Wenzel and Megan Spokas

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Cognitive and information processing variables have the potential to account for the mechanisms that lead up to and operate during a suicidal crisis. This chapter evaluates the empirical ... More

Cognitive Contributions to Personality Disorders  

Jill Lobbestael and Arnoud Arntz

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The purpose of this chapter is to provide an understanding of the pathology of personality disorders from a cognitive perspective. The chapter begins by outlining cognitive schemas, ... More

Cognitive Development in Ageing  

Jacqueline Zöllig, Mike Martin, and Vera Schumacher

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
Cognitive development in ageing is a multidimensional and multidirectional phenomenon characterized by age-related changes in the plasticity of different dimensions of cognitive functions. ... More

Cognitive Disorders in Adults  

Roberta F. White

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter provides an overview on cognitive disorders in adults from a neuropsychological perspective. It begins with a critical review of existing taxonomies for these disorders, ... More

Cognitive Risks: Translating Stress Into Psychopathology  

Tina H. Schweizer and Benjamin L. Hankin

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
This chapter focuses on how several prominent cognitive risk processes (attention bias, overgeneral autobiographical memory, executive functioning difficulties) and products (negative ... More

Cognitive Vulnerability and Unipolar Depression  

Lauren B. Alloy, Lyn Abramson, Jonathan Stange, and Rachel Salk

Print publication date:
Jun 2017
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Maladaptive cognitive styles, including dysfunctional attitudes about our self-worth, the tendency to make negative inferences about the causes and consequences of negative events, and the ... More

Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions for Disorders of Extreme Stress: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder  

J. Gayle Beck, Allison M. Pickover, Alexandra J. Lipiniski, Han N. Tran, and Thomas S. Dodson

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
In this chapter, we review the current literature on cognitive-behavioral treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD). Particular attention is paid ... More

The Contributions of Syndrome Research to the Study of MLD  

Michèle M. M. Mazzocco

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
Studies of mathematics learning disabilities (MLD) in persons with a known genetic syndrome can illustrate the heterogeneity of MLD by revealing distinct cognitive profiles linked to poor ... More

The Development of Metacognitive Knowledge in Children and Adolescents  

Wolfgang Schneider and Elisabeth Löffler

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter aims at depicting the development of metacognitive knowledge from early childhood through early adolescence. Children’s ability to reflect on their mental states develops ... More

A Developmental Biological Perspective of Adolescent Substance Abuse: Animal Models  

Linda Spear

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Studies using animal models of adolescence have shown lasting consequences of adolescent exposure to alcohol, nicotine, and cannabinoids, including increases in later drug ... More

Developmental Language Disorder  

Cristina McKean, James Law, Angela Morgan, and Sheena Reilly

Print publication date:
Aug 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter describes the history of research in Language Disorders (LD) outlining changes in terminology and methodology and focuses on three newer research methodologies: population ... More

Disorders of Music Cognition  

Psyche Loui

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Although music is ubiquitous across human cultures and from a very young age, a subset of the population possesses an unusual lack of musical ability, to the extent that may be disruptive ... More

Functional Sequelae of Cognitive Decline in Later Life  

Holly A. Tuokko and Colette M. Smart

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jun 2014
The aim of this chapter is to examine the disability (or functional impairment) associated with changes in cognition in later life. In so doing, we examine the ways in which the terms ... More

Information Processing  

Kiara Timpano, Ashley M. Shaw, Julia C. Yang, and Demet Çek

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
Hoarding disorder, a complex syndrome marked by extreme difficulty discarding possessions and debilitating clutter, is increasingly recognized as a severe and impairing public health ... More

Information Processing in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  

Anke Ehlers, Thomas Ehring, and Birgit Kleim

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The chapter reviews the contribution of information processing models to understanding the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder. Individual differences in cognitive ... More

Mathematical and Computational Modeling in Clinical Psychology  

Richard W. J. Neufeld

Print publication date:
Apr 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
This chapter begins with an introduction to the basic ideas behind clinical mathematical and computational modeling. In general, models of normal cognitive-behavioral functioning are ... More

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