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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Defining A Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical Implications  

James M. Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Kimberley Lakes, and Nora D. Volkow

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Prospective follow-up studies have shown that even though some children outgrow the disorder, a childhood diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is clearly a risk ... More

Balint’s Syndrome and the Study of Attention  

Lynn C. Robertson

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Balint’s syndrome is the most severe neuropsychological disorder affecting spatial attention that has been observed. In humans, it can be observed after bilateral occipital-parietal ... More

Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States From Brain Activity In Humans  

John-Dylan Haynes

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
New brain imaging technology has emerged that might make it possible to read a person's thoughts directly from their brain activity. This novel approach is referred to as “brain reading” ... More

Brain Trust: Neuroscience and national security in the 21st century  

Jonathan D. Moreno

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Bioethics literature on national security issues is surprisingly sparse and the implications of neuroscience for national security are of increasing public and scholarly interest. This ... More

Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory, or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?  

John Harris

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article states that drugs could be used to produce, if not more intelligent individuals, at least individuals with better cognitive functioning. Cognitive functioning is something ... More

Clinical Research On Conditions Affecting Cognitive Capacity  

Samia Hurst

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Research is crucial to improve medicine's ability to care for the sick, and this includes research on conditions affecting cognition. This article focuses on whether persons suffering from ... More

Cognitive Enhancement  

Thomas Metzinger and Elisabeth Hildt

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Cognitive enhancement aims at optimizing a specific class of information-processing functions: cognitive functions, physically realized by the human brain. This article deals with ethical ... More

Cognitive Enhancement in Courts  

Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Human cognitive performance has crucial significance for legal process, often creating the difference between fair and unfair imprisonment. Lawyers, judges, and jurors need to follow long ... More

Deep Brain Stimulation For Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric Disorders  

Debra J.H. Mathews, Peter V. Rabins, and Benjamin D. Greenberg

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews some of the ethical issues raised by the emergence and use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) as a treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders. Issues include concerns about ... More

Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social Cognition  

Monica Luciana

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Brain research has informed many recent studies of adolescent development either through direct measures of brain structure and activity in neuroimaging studies or through behavioral ... More

Developmental Disorders: A Window onto Attention Dynamics  

Gaia Scerif and Rachel Wu

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Tracing the development of attentional deficits and their cascading effects in genetically and functionally defined disorders allows an understanding of intertwined developing systems on ... More

Developmental Perspectives on the Physical Symptoms of Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents  

Claire Sadler and Rebecka Peebles

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Children and adolescents with eating disorders are likely to present with or develop medical complications that require early intervention and treatment. This chapter discusses the most ... More

The Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on Externalizing Behavior Dimensions and Externalizing Disorders  

Stephen P. Hinshaw and Theodore P. Beauchaine

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2015
This chapter highlights key principles of developmental psychopathology (DP), the discipline that eschews static models, universal and unbending laws of development, and inflexible ... More

Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of Our Cognition?  

Hervé Chneiweiss

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Neuroscience opens new avenues to alleviate neurological and psychiatric disorders and presents targeted ways to control and enhance vegetative (being awake or asleep, and appetite and ... More

Ethical Concerns And Pitfalls In Neurogenetic Testing  

Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores some of the issues that arise in the post-human genome era and uses various cases to illustrate some of the scenarios that a clinician may encounter in ... More

Ethical issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising children in a Brave New World  

Zachary Stein, Bruno Della Chiesa, Christina Hinton, and Kurt W. Fischer

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
A growing international movement, called educational neuroscience, aims to inform educational research, policy, and practice with neuroscience and cognitive science research. The research ... More

Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and Controversies  

Nir Lipsman and Mark Bernstein

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article discusses ethical questions in neurosurgery as falling into two categories, namely those surrounding what neurosurgeons are currently doing, i.e. their current practices, and ... More

Ethical Issues In The Management Of Parkinson’S Disease  

Silke Appel-Cresswell and A. Jon Stoessl

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The illness causes patients to suffer from increasingly severe and widespread dysfunction of the central nervous system leading to disturbances of sleep, sense of smell, autonomic ... More

The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative Conditions  

Roger A. Barker and Alasdair Coles

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Effective treatments of neurodegenerative disorders are increasing in importance, as the prevalence of these conditions increases with an aging population. The ethical issues around the ... More

Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials In Developing Countries  

Craig Van Dyke

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article addresses the expansion of clinical trials to the developing world as part of the globalization process. Driven initially by the need to reduce costs and the potential to ... More

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