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Alexithymia from the Social Neuroscience Perspective  

Sylvie Berthoz, Lydia Pouga, and Michele Wessa

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct characterized by the impaired ability to reflect on and regulate one’s own emotions. This chapter refers to a wide range of domains of ... More

Altruism  

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews the ultimate and proximate levels of analysis on altruism in humans, hoping to create an overarching framework that places each within a larger context that can ... More

Antisocial Personality Disorders  

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Neuroscience research is beginning to uncover significant neurobiological impairments in antisocial, violent, and aggressive groups. The neurophysiologic basis of antisocial behavior is ... More

The Asperger Syndrome  

Bruno Wicker and Marie Gomot

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews major recent findings in Asperger Syndrome (AS), ranging from behavior to neurobiology, and focusing both on social cognitive and executive processes and their ... More

Attention and Decision-Making  

Christopher Summerfield and Tobias Egner

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter reviews formal models of the decision process in humans and other primates, and discusses divergent accounts of how attention might intervene to bias or facilitate judgements ... More

Attitudes  

William A. Cunningham, Ingrid Johnsen Haas, and Andrew Jahn

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews social neuroscience research that links social psychological attitudes and evaluative processes to their presumed neural bases. The chapter is organized into four ... More

Brain Development during Childhood and Adolescence  

Tomáš Paus

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter discusses brain development during childhood and adolescence, based on findings obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI contributed a wealth of information about ... More

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Strategic Thinking  

Meghana Bhatt and Colin F. Camerer

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter focuses on some emerging elements of a neuroscientific basis for behavioral game theory. The premise of this chapter is that game theory can be useful in helping to elucidate ... More

Computational Models of Sentence Production: A Dual-Path Approach  

Franklin Chang and Hartmut Fitz

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Sentence production involves the complex interaction of meanings, words, and structures. These interactions are language-specific and to understand them, it is useful to build ... More

Conclusion—Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience  

Joan Y. Chiao, Shu-Chen Li, Rebecca Seligman, and Robert Turner

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The chapters in this scholarly collection represent the foundations of the conceptual and empirical approaches in cultural neuroscience and the potential for this field to address ... More

Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory  

Angela H. Gutchess and Sarah Huff

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This chapter reviews the literature on the effects of culture on memory, focusing on the comparison of Easterners and Westerners. The chapter opens with a consideration of the mechanisms ... More

Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language  

Beatrice de Gelder and Elisabeth M.J. Huis In 'T Veld

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
As our environment becomes increasingly more international, we are interacting increasingly more with people from different cultures. During social interactions, it is important to respond ... More

Cultural Distance: A Computational Approach to Exploring Cultural Influences on Music Cognition  

Steven J. Morrison, Steven M. Demorest, and Marcus T. Pearce

Print publication date:
Jul 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Although music is a universal phenomenon, the structural features that characterize specific music traditions reflect the unique cultures in which those traditions reside. Consequently, ... More

Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy: Does the Neural Code Allow for the Brain’s Enculturation?  

George Northoff

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Many studies show the cultural dependence of the brain’s neural activity, but the underlying mechanisms of such “enculturation of brain” are unclear. How it is possible for the neural ... More

Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa: Promises and Pitfalls  

Dan J. Stein, Joan Y. Chiao, and Jack van Honk

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
South Africa may be a particularly useful exemplar with which to consider some of the potential promises and pitfalls of cultural neuroscience. This chapter draws on our experience as ... More

Cultural Neuroscience of Identity Development  

Alissa J. Mrazek, Tokiko Harada, and Joan Y. Chiao

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Identity development is conceptualized as a series of distinct stages in the developmental pathway, including acquisition of self-knowledge, establishment of independence and personal ... More

The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias  

Bobby K. Cheon and Ying-yi Hong

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Culture defines how groups, and the individuals situated within them, conceptualize and navigate relationships with in-group and out-group members. How diversity in these group processes ... More

Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy  

Joan Y. Chiao and Vani A. Mathur

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Population health disparities exist in the prevalence of pain throughout the world due to social and biological factors. We examine the etiology of population health disparities in pain ... More

Cultural Neuroscience Studies of the Self-Reflection  

Shihui Han and Yina Ma

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Self-reflection characterizes human thoughts. How the brain reflects on the self and relevant emotional consequences, however, varies significantly across individuals. This chapter ... More

Cultural Neuroscience: Visualizing Culture-Gene Influences on Brain Function  

Joan Y. Chiao

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter presents an introduction to cultural neuroscience. Cultural neuroscience is an emerging research discipline that investigates cultural variation in psychological, neural, and ... More

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