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Adult Attachment and Compassion: Normative and Individual Difference Components  

Mario Mikulincer and Phillip R. Shaver

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
According to attachment theory (Bowlby, 1973, 1982), the optimal functioning of the attachment behavioral system and the resulting sense of security in dealing with life’s challenges and ... More

Attachment Orientations and Reactions to Ostracism in Close Relationships and Groups  

Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Attachment theory is one of the most useful contemporary conceptual frameworks for understanding emotion regulation and mental health. In his exposition of attachment theory, John Bowlby explained ... More

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and the Challenges of Social Exclusion  

Amori Yee Mikami

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent diagnosis among school-age children and symptoms frequently persist into adolescence and adulthood. This chapter describes the high ... More

Attentional Retraining for Anxiety  

Norman B. Schmidt

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Cognitive models of psychopathology, particularly disorders involving anxiety symptoms, emphasize information processing biases in their development and maintenance. Research has consistently shown ... More

Behavioral Mimicry as an Affiliative Response to Social Exclusion  

Jessica L. Lakin and Tanya L. Chartrand

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
The nonconscious behavioral mimicry and social exclusion literatures are merged to explore whether mimicking the behaviors of others could be a possible affiliative behavior that follows social ... More

Belonging Regulation through the Use of (Para)social Surrogates  

Megan L. Knowles

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
If belonging is a fundamental human need, then social exclusion should motivate reconnection or another means of fulfilling one’s belonging needs. Consistent with this premise, research reveals that ... More

The Birth and Death of Belonging  

Jeff Schimel and Jeff Greenberg

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Terror management theory (TMT) (Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986 ) offers an evolutionary–existential–psychoanalytic perspective on the human motive to belong. According to this view, the ... More

A Call for Compassion and Care in Education: Toward a More Comprehensive Prosocial Framework for the Field  

Brooke D. Lavelle, Lisa Flook, and Dara G. Ghahremani

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Students are challenged by stressors that negatively impact their physical health and well-being as well as their ability to thrive in school. Many educators have mobilized to address ... More

The Call for Compassion in Health Care  

Sue Shea and Christos Lionis

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The concept of compassion applies to a number of situations and deserves to play a major role in health care. Within this chapter, we discuss the importance of compassionate care within ... More

Changes Over Time in Compassion-Related Variables in the United States  

Sasha Zarins and Sara Konrath

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Compassion, or empathic concern, is an emotional response to another’s suffering, coupled with the desire to take action to alleviate that suffering. Throughout history, older generations ... More

The Class–Compassion Gap: How Socioeconomic Factors Influence Compassion  

Paul K. Piff and Jake P. Moskowitz

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Who is more likely to experience compassion: someone who is rich or someone who is poor? In this chapter, we review how psychological science can shed light on this question. We argue that ... More

Cognitively Based Compassion Training: Gleaning Generalities from Specific Biological Effects  

Jennifer S. Mascaro, Lobsang Tenzin Negi, and Charles L. Raison

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Recent research has examined the beneficial impact of kindness-based meditation practices, including cognitively-based compassion training (CBCT). Here we provide a theoretical and ... More

Compassion Collapse: Why We Are Numb to Numbers  

C. Daryl Cameron

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In the current chapter, I will discuss a phenomenon known as “compassion collapse”: people tend to feel and act less compassionately for multiple suffering victims than for a single ... More

The Compassion Cultivation Training (CCT) Program  

Philippe R. Goldin and Hooria Jazaieri

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Compassion is a powerful feature of human experience and is a key component of individual, interpersonal, organizational and societal well-being. It is a fundamental skill that can be ... More

Compassion Fatigue Resilience  

Charles R. Figley and Kathleen Regan Figley

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Drawing on more than 48 years of experience working with compassionate people who were suffering, the authors discuss and illustrate the useful applications of the new Compassion Fatigue ... More

Compassion Fears, Blocks and Resistances: An Evolutionary Investigation  

Paul Gilbert and Jennifer S. Mascaro

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
While there is increasing research on the benefits and facilitators of compassion, as with all motives, there are inhibitors. This chapter will not cover the benefits of compassion, ... More

Compassion in Children  

Tracy L. Spinrad and Nancy Eisenberg

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Developmental psychologists have been increasingly interested in studying children’s “prosocial behavior,” defined as voluntary acts to benefit another. We begin this chapter by ... More

Compassion in Context: Tracing the Buddhist Roots of Secular, Compassion-Based Contemplative Programs  

Brooke D. Lavelle

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Various conceptions of compassion are articulated in diverse Buddhist contemplative traditions. These variations are due in part to the divergent models of mind and reality found within ... More

Compassion-Focused Parenting  

James N. Kirby

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The parenting a child receives has profound long-term impacts on that child’s life. The rates of child maltreatment globally are high. Evidence-based parenting programs have been ... More

The Compassionate Brain  

Olga M. Klimecki and Tania Singer

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2017
This chapter focuses on the neuroscience of compassion and related social emotions such as empathy, empathic concern, or empathic distress. First, we review neuroscientific literature on ... More

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