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Ancient Sanctuaries  

Rubina Raja

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter is concerned with ancient sanctuaries and their spaces as places where rituals were performed. It discusses various aspects of sanctuaries and their materiality, and the ways ... More

Associations, Guilds, Clubs  

John S. Kloppenborg

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Life in the cities and towns of the Hellenistic and Roman periods was organized around two poles: the polis or town, and the family, each with its distinctive structure, organization, ... More

Christian Initiation  

Maxwell E. Johnson

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
To study the rites of Christian initiation in the early church is to encounter not one but several liturgical traditions in development. This article seeks to provide an introductory ... More

Christian Initiation  

Paul F. Bradshaw

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The limited evidence for Christian initiation practices in Syria and North Africa in the third century suggests ritual patterns that differed from each other in some ways but followed the ... More

Communal Meals  

Richard S. Ascough

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter begins by briefly discussing the prevalence of communal meals in the Roman world and then turns attention to the form and setting of communal dining. Such meals were framed as ... More

The Cult of Saints  

David L. Eastman

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Veneration of holy people was a significant feature of early Christian piety. Through a collection of ritualized practices, Christians both received traditions handed down to them and ... More

The Cult of Saints and Pilgrimage  

Yousef Meri

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter explores the intertwined themes of pilgrimage and the cult of saints in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, highlighting similarities and differences as well as issues of ... More

Divination  

Martti Nissinen

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The chapter investigates the ritual aspect of ancient Eastern Mediterranean divination. Divination is defined as acquisition and transmission of allegedly superhuman knowledge by different ... More

Early Christian Prayer  

L. Edward Phillips

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
While it is difficult to determine with certainty the habits of daily prayer among the majority of early Christians, we can with care determine some structures of time, gesture, and ... More

Eucharistic Practices  

Lizette Larson-Miller

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The rapidly changing circumstances of Christianity between the third and fifth centuries are mirrored in the ritual changes of the church’s celebration of the Eucharist. The juxtaposition ... More

Fasting as an Ascetic Ritual  

Richard Finn OP

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Many early Christians engaged in ascetic practices outside the liturgies usually studied as the major forms of Christian ritual. While not all asceticism took ritual form, insufficient ... More

Feminist Theologies and the European Context  

Lisa Isherwood

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This chapter discusses three out of the many theologies in Europe addressing the question of globalization: indigenous theologies, and transcendence through developments in ecotheology and ... More

Household and Family  

Fanny Dolansky

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter provides cultural background for early Christian ritual through an overview of Roman sacra familiae (domestic rites). It offers representative examples from three main areas ... More

Hymns and Psalmody  

Angela Kim Harkins and Brian P. Dunkle, SJ

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter examines early Christian hymnody from the point of view of ritual and embodied religious experience. The chapter explores the possible ways that we can recover the ritual ... More

Initiation  

Luther H. Martin

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
Homo sapiens are a social species, evolved to function in small, face-to-face groups, in which membership was determined by birth. Such groups persist throughout history as ... More

Introduction: Ritual in the study of early Christianity  

Risto Uro

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter offers a guide to the reader for understanding the nature of ritual studies as an emerging interdisciplinary field, with particular emphasis on its relevance to the study of ... More

Jesuit Theater and Drama  

Kevin J. Wetmore Jr.

The historic Jesuit theater represents two centuries of didactic theater in which the Society of Jesus, following both the organizational instructions and Spiritual Exercises of founder ... More

Luther and Medieval Reform Movements, Particularly the Hussites  

Martin Wernisch

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Although Luther acknowledged the work of preceding reformers, including John Wycliffe, Wessel Gansfort, and Johann Pupper, he regarded Jan Hus as his true model, the pathfinder for his own ... More

Luther on Christ’s Person and Work  

Matthieu Arnold

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Dogmatic interpretations of Luther’s treatment of Christ’s atoning work dominated much of nineteenth- and twentieth-century assessment of his Christology and soteriology. Marc Lienhard and ... More

Magic  

István Czachesz

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter outlines an analytical concept of magic and considers how it contributes to our understanding of early Christian rituals. The first section addresses the problematic history ... More

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