Calvin B. DeWitt
In building the movement called evangelical environmentalism, there were two great needs. First was the need to build a creation theology, and more specifically a creation-care theology. This was achieved by an academy of evangelical scientists, ethicists, and theologians who grew in numbers and publications from 1980 to the present and, becoming aware of itself as such, officially became the Academy of Evangelical Scientists and Ethicists in 2005. Second was the need to find ways to put this evangelical creation-care theology into practice. Various work to meet this need was attempted in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with the World Evangelical Fellowship creating the first evangelical environmental network—the International Evangelical Environmental Network—in 1992. This, in turn, led to the formation of the Evangelical Environmental Network (EEN) in 1993. This essay discusses the widespread secularization of American society, evangelicals and evangelicalism, evangelical relation to human authority, theology and Sola Scriptura, pre-1980 roots of academic evangelical environmentalism, development and emergence of academic evangelical environmentalism, and development and emergence of the EEN.