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African Traditional Religion and Violence  

Nathalie Wlodarczyk

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter analyzes a wide range of African customs and legends. It demonstrates that African traditional religion offers notions of a thriving spirit world which provides “sacred ... More

Antisemitism  

Richard S. Levy

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article addresses the phenomenon of organized antisemitism in the sixty years preceding the “Final Solution,” primarily in Germany but with comparisons to contemporaneous developments ... More

Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions  

Michael A. Sells

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of ... More

Buddhist Traditions and Violence  

Michael Jerryson

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter discusses the history of Buddhist traditions and violence, concentrating on the scriptural justifications, symbols, and actual manifestations of violence. It covers Theravada ... More

Christianity and Torture  

Karen L. King

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter considers the religious justifications for and against torture. It also describes the torturous narratives at Christianity's foundations, the notion of redemptive martyrdom, ... More

The Construction of Evil and the Violence of Purification  

David Frankfurter

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter explores the construction of evil and the strategies of violence in purification. Prurient fascination and righteous revulsion both recreate and repel each other, developing ... More

Ethical Implications of the Holocaust  

Michael Berenbaum

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the difficulties the Holocaust posed and continues to raise for Jews, Jewish theology, and specifically Jewish ethics, identifying eight major commitments made by ... More

Ethics  

John K. Roth

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article argues that without the overriding of moral sensibilities, if not the collapse or collaboration of ethical traditions, the Holocaust could not have happened. Although the ... More

Genocide and the Religious Imaginary in Rwanda  

Christopher C. Taylor

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter, which concentrates on the violent imaginaries that informed the reports and deeds of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, reviews the perseverance of pre-colonial notions of a sacred ... More

The Holocaust  

Saul Friedländer

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Notwithstanding almost six decades of scholarship and a fast-swelling stream of publications, the historiography of the Holocaust still remains divided in its initial and traditional ... More

Human Rights Law  

David H. Jones

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article assesses the aftereffects of the Holocaust on human rights law. Addressing the so-called ‘promise of Nuremberg’, which began in 1945 with the Charter of the International ... More

Jewish Animal Ethics  

Aaron S. Gross

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses Jewish animal ethics, describing a central concept, tza'ar ba'alei hayyim, the ban on causing undue pain to animals, and the varying justifications for that ban. ... More

Jewish Ethics and War  

Asa Kasher

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses Jewish ethics and war. It first turns to ancient and medieval Jewish sources to describe what they tell us about the ethics of going to war (jus ad bellum) and of ... More

Judaism and Criminal Justice  

Laurie L. Levenson

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores Jewish criminal justice, first discussing the rationales that make punishment moral and not just an exercise of sovereign power. It then addresses capital punishment, ... More

Just War and Legal Restraints  

John Kelsay

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter offers an older notion of just war, particularly as it developed in relation to the changing place of Christianity in Europe and North America. The just war idea presents a ... More

Mimetic Theories of Religion and Violence  

Wolfgang Palaver

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter concentrates on the mimetic theory of Rene Girard in evaluating foundational myths of violence. It shows Girard's notion of the scapegoating mechanism, whereby a substitute ... More

Muslim Engagement with Injustice and Violence  

Bruce B. Lawrence

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter explores the role of violence in Islam, specifically contrasting Islam in 611 with the Islam associated with terrorism on 9/11. When several tribes attempted to draw from the ... More

Phenomenal Violence and the Philosophy of Religion  

Hent de Vries

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter offers the example of a philosophy that began with Jacques Derrida, the genesis and structure of whose overall thinking, writing, and interpretative praxis it reviews. ... More

Punishment  

Rebecca Wittmann

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
The victorious Allies launched what became a series of postwar judicial proceedings against accused war criminals that continues more than sixty years after World War II ended. This ... More

Religion and Violence from Christian Theological Perspectives  

Charles Kimball

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter reviews the movement from pacifism to Just War and Crusade. It also tries to demonstrate the ways prominent Catholic and Protestant leaders have harshly used violent measures ... More

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