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Antisemitism  

Richard S. Levy

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article addresses the phenomenon of organized antisemitism in the sixty years preceding the “Final Solution,” primarily in Germany but with comparisons to contemporaneous developments ... More

The Bible in Ethics  

Eryl W. Davies

Print publication date:
Feb 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a discussion of the methodological issues faced by scholars of ethics in the Old Testament and New Testament. It then identifies the basis of Old Testament ethics ... More

Ethical Implications of the Holocaust  

Michael Berenbaum

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the difficulties the Holocaust posed and continues to raise for Jews, Jewish theology, and specifically Jewish ethics, identifying eight major commitments made by ... More

Ethical Theories among Medieval Jewish Philosophers  

Warren Zev Harvey

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the ethical views of medieval Jewish philosophers, showing that the varieties of Jewish philosophy in the medieval period defy easy categorization, let alone ... More

Ethical Theories in Jewish Mystical Writings  

Joseph Dan

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the medieval genre of sifrut ha-musar (ethical literature), which has largely been ignored in the recent burgeoning of the field of Jewish ethics. This neglect is ... More

Ethical Theories in Rabbinic Literature  

Charlotte Elisheva Fonrobert

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter first sets out the difficulties in studying the sources for Jewish ethics in classical rabbinic literature. Not only do rabbinic texts lack the very notion of ethics, they ... More

Ethical Theories in the Conservative Movement  

Shai Cherry

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines Conservative Judaism and ethic. Changing what Jews do and altering the reasons why they should do things differently was not an exclusively Reform endeavour; ... More

Ethical Theories in the Orthodox Movement  

David Shatz

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the writings of Modern Orthodox thinkers. To frame the discussion, it focuses on a so-called maximalist Modern Orthodox position consisting of four assertions, each ... More

Ethical Theories in the Reconstructionist Movement  

David A. Teutsch

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The Reconstructionist movement perceives Judaism as the evolving religious civilization of the Jewish people. This chapter demonstrates Reconstructionism's concern for ethics by ... More

Ethical Theories in the Reform Movement  

Michael Marmur

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter traces the emergence of Reform Jewish ethical sensibility from its early days in nineteenth-century Germany through its evolution to modern America, Israel, and beyond, ... More

Ethical Theories of Abraham Isaac Kook and Joseph B. Soloveitchik  

Lawrence Kaplan

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter analyzes the ethical theories of Rabbis Abraham Isaac Kook and Joseph B. Soloeitchik, two luminaries in of twentieth-century Orthodoxy in Israel and the United States, ... More

Ethical Theories of Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber  

Jonathan K. Crane

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter focuses on the thoughts of the early twentieth-century German Jewish thinkers Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, and Martin Buber. These three German scholars, writing in the ... More

Ethical Theories of Mordecai Kaplan and Abraham Joshua Heschel  

Matthew LaGrone

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the thoughts of the most significant and influential theologians in American Jewish religious life, Mordecai Kaplan and Abraham Joshua Heschel. Emerging from the ... More

Ethical Theory and Practice in the Hebrew Bible  

Elaine Adler Goodfriend

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter reviews ethical concepts in the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh). Fear of God (yir'at Elohim) is perhaps the most pervasive and powerful notion inspiring social concern and behaviour. ... More

Ethics  

John K. Roth

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article argues that without the overriding of moral sensibilities, if not the collapse or collaboration of ethical traditions, the Holocaust could not have happened. Although the ... More

Feminist Jewish Ethical Theories  

Judith Plaskow

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter highlights some key contexts in which feminist ethical discourses emerge, and important methods that Jewish feminists employ in order to address gender and other inequalities, ... More

Halacha and Law  

B. S. Jackson, B. Lifshitz, Alyssa M. Gray, and Daniel B. Sinclair

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The academic study of ‘halacha’, like its traditional study in the yeshiva, is far broader than the study of ‘Jewish law’. The halacha, in both its scope and concerns, goes well beyond the ... More

The Holocaust  

Saul Friedländer

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Notwithstanding almost six decades of scholarship and a fast-swelling stream of publications, the historiography of the Holocaust still remains divided in its initial and traditional ... More

Human Rights Law  

David H. Jones

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2011
This article assesses the aftereffects of the Holocaust on human rights law. Addressing the so-called ‘promise of Nuremberg’, which began in 1945 with the Charter of the International ... More

Jewish Animal Ethics  

Aaron S. Gross

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses Jewish animal ethics, describing a central concept, tza'ar ba'alei hayyim, the ban on causing undue pain to animals, and the varying justifications for that ban. ... More

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