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Being and Its Other: Suicide in Buddhist Ethics  

Martin Kovan

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
As in many other religious and ethical traditions, the status of suicide in Buddhism is contested and ambiguous, from the earliest Pāli record through to twentieth-century Mahāyāna praxes, ... More

Bhikṣuṇī Ordination  

Bhikkhu Analayo

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter examines the legal details surrounding the full ordination of women into the Buddhist monastic traditions. These legal details need be appreciated in order to understand ... More

The Bodhisattva Precepts  

Paul Groner

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter has two major goals. The first is to introduce some of the major sets of bodhisattva precepts and to discuss their significance in both India and East Asia while paying ... More

Buddhism and Animal Rights  

Paul Waldau

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The Buddhist tradition is justifiably known for its commitment to the primacy of ethical reflection. On the issue of nonhuman animals, the tradition-wide commitment to an undertaking to ... More

Buddhism and Sexuality  

Amy Paris Langenberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
In surveying the discursive landscape of ancient, classical, and medieval Indo-Tibetan Buddhist sexual ethics, this chapter takes a Foucauldian approach that holds Buddhist sexual norms ... More

Buddhism and Women  

Alice Collett

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter addresses the question of whether it can ever be doctrinally or ethically appropriate in Buddhism to discriminate against women. It does this by assessing arguments for female ... More

Buddhism, War, and Violence  

Michael Jerryson

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter reviews Buddhist approaches to war and violence. Because ethics is the basis by which people make choices, the chapter’s focus is not purely on scriptures, but rather on the ... More

Buddhist Economics: Scales of Value in Global Exchange  

Matthew King

In addition to summarizing key concerns in Theravāda Buddhist Economics by scholars such as E. F. Schumacher and the Thai monk Payutto, this essay explores how descriptions of the West, ... More

Buddhist Economics: Problems and Possibilities  

James Mark Shields

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Despite the strong historical relationship between the early Indian Buddhist saṅgha and the merchant classes, Western scholars have for only a few decades explored in detail the deep and ... More

Buddhist Environmental Ethics: An Emergent and Contextual Approach  

Stephanie Kaza

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Global pressures on human–environment systems are higher than ever before in human history, generating broad ethical engagement in many quarters. Citizen calls for moral response from ... More

Buddhist Ethics Compared to Western Ethics  

Sīlavādin Meynard Vasen

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The three main ethical theories in Western philosophy can be used as a framework from which to bring out the features of Buddhist ethics; hermeneutical questions regarding the ‘how’ and ... More

Buddhist Ethics in Contemporary Tibet  

Holly Gayley

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
In recent years, Buddhist ethics are being marshalled in novel ways as a means to unify Tibetans and articulate a vision of ethnic identity and progress in line with Buddhist values. This ... More

Buddhist Ethics in South and Southeast Asia  

Juliana Essen

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The anthropological literature dealing with Buddhist ethics in the Theravāda countries of South and Southeast Asia may be divided into five categories, whereby ethics is defined as ... More

The Buddhist Just Society  

Peter Harvey

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Buddhism posits a basic equality of sentient beings as faced with suffering and in need of liberation. It also regards humans in particular as having a precious kind of rebirth with great ... More

Buddhist Perspectives on Abortion and Reproduction  

Michael Barnhart

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The chapter begins with a brief outline of specific ethical issues associated with abortion, assisted reproduction, and research use of embryonic stem cells. Buddhist attitudes are ... More

Buddhist Traditions and Violence  

Michael Jerryson

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter discusses the history of Buddhist traditions and violence, concentrating on the scriptural justifications, symbols, and actual manifestations of violence. It covers Theravada ... More

Burmese Buddhist Politics  

Matthew J. Walton

Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This article looks thematically at several important aspects of Buddhist politics in Myanmar, from the precolonial period to the present. It considers a number of arguments regarding the ... More

The Changing Way of the Bodhisattva: Superheroes, Saints, and Social Workers  

Barbra R. Clayton

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
This chapter explores the nature of the connections between contemporary understandings of the bodhisattva path as socially engaged, and the canonical Mahāyāna tradition in India—the ... More

East Asian Buddhist Ethics  

Richard Madsen

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Buddhism was transmitted to China around the beginning of the Common Era and from there spread to the other societies in East Asia. The Mahāyāna tradition eventually became embedded in the ... More

Ethics in Pure Land Schools  

Michael Conway

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The exclusivist strand of Pure Land Buddhism that developed in China and took strong root in Japan stresses the inability of human beings to bring about their own liberation from the ... More

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