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Female Offenders and Women in Prison  

LaTosha Traylor and Beth Richie

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the steadily increasing number of females being admitted in corrections. It emphasizes the need for gender-based programs inside and outside prisons, and observes ... More

Jails and Pretrial Release  

Brandon K. Applegate

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins with an overview of the jail inmate population. Data reveal the current makeup and important shifts in inmate characteristics. Section II discusses the historical ... More

Jails, Pre-trial Detention, and Short Term Confinement  

Lieutenant Gary F. Cornelius

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article views America's jails using a practitioner's perspective. It first describes how local jails were developed, how they are managed in an overcrowded environment, and how they ... More

Mandatory Penalties  

Michael Tonry

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article summarizes research on the implementation, operation, and deterrent effects of mandatory sentencing laws. Section I examines research before 1970 while Section II examines the ... More

Race, Ethnicity, and Punishment  

Michael Tonry

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reflects on the realities of race, crime, and punishment in the United States. It focuses on the damage caused on African Americans by the “War on Drugs” that started during ... More

Risk Assessment  

Christopher Slobogin

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines risk assessment, which is defined as the identification of “risk” and “protective” factors that make involvement in crimes more or less likely. It lists the available ... More

The “Traditional” Indeterminate Sentencing Model  

Kevin R. Reitz

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the traditional American “indeterminate” sentencing systems, which are still used in approximately half the states in America. It shows that the parole boards hold ... More

Treatment and Rehabilitation  

Francis T. Cullen and Paula Smith

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional ... More

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