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Ancient Written Sources for Engineering and Technology  

Serafina Cuomo

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article tries to illustrate an idea of the range of extant ancient textual sources for engineering and technology. It also presents a broad outline of how the production of texts ... More

Animal Husbandry, Hunting, Fishing, and Fish Production  

Geoffrey Kron

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Archaeozoological research provides impressive, long-neglected evidence for the technical sophistication and productivity of Greco-Roman animal husbandry. A case can be made that the ... More

Ceramic Production  

Mark Jackson and Kevin Greene

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Applying the labels “Greek” and “Roman” to the study of ceramic technology from 700 bc to ad 500 involves profound problems of cultural labeling. The study of Greek and Roman ceramics ... More

The Coinage of the Parthians  

Fabrizio Sinisi

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Arsacids were the ruling dynasty of Parthia between the middle of the third century BC and AD 224. There is no Parthian coinage in gold, since Vonones's alleged gold coins have been ... More

The Coinage of the Persian Empire  

Michael Alram

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Lydian coinage system completely changed with an ingenious coin reform. With Alyattes's electrum coinage, the recipient had no way of judging the gold or silver content. Therefore, ... More

The Coinage of the Ptolemies  

Catharine C. Lorber

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The coinage of the Ptolemies stands apart from other royal Hellenistic currencies in interesting respects, including the prominence of gold and bronze coins vis-à-vis silver and the role ... More

The Coinage of the Roman Provinces through Hadrian  

Michel Amandry

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores imperial coinage and provincial coinage during Roman provinces. The latter was produced at different levels (and eventually even at Rome), but was on the whole ... More

Coins and Communication  

Carlos F. Noreña

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article studies how Roman coinage served as a communication medium in the Roman world. The term “Roman coinage” refers to all coins that were minted in areas under the administrative ... More

Death and Burial  

Christopher Mee

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Funeral practices were already well developed before the start of the Neolithic period. As the population increased with the growth of settlements, one would expect more graves. However, ... More

The Denarius Coinage of the Roman Republic  

Bernhard E. Woytek

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The denarius coinage consisted, in the main, of four silver denominations, which were probably all introduced at the same time. The leading denomination, as well as its typologically ... More

The Economy  

Alan Harvey

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The state exercised great influence on the economic life of the Byzantine Empire throughout most of its history. It was solely responsible for the production, and putting into circulation, ... More

End of the Bronze Age  

Reinhard Jung

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Today, the knowledge of the last phases of the Aegean Bronze Age can be based on a few but very important vertical settlement stratigraphies spanning most of the twelfth and eleventh ... More

Expanding Ethnoarchaeology: Historical Evidence and Model-Building in the Study of Technological Change  

Michael B. Schiffer

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article suggests that an expanded ethnoarchaeology that exploits evidence from the historical records of both ancient and modern societies can become an important research strategy to ... More

Gadgets and Scientific Instruments  

Örjan Wikander

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article treats some practical applications of the physical principles, for example water clocks, astronomical instruments, and hodometers. The so-called five simple machines were ... More

Glass Production  

E. Marianne Stern

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Glassmaking and glassworking coexisted as two separate crafts throughout antiquity. The division into primary workshops for making the glass and secondary workshops for working and shaping ... More

Greek and Roman Agriculture  

Evi Margaritis and Martin K. Jones

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the nature of agriculture in the Mediterranean epicenter, considering the combination of arboriculture and arable agriculture typical of the region. It also reports ... More

Greek Coinages of Palestine  

Oren Tal

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The earliest phase of the monetary phenomenon in Palestine (late sixth to early fifth centuries BC) is witnessed by the presence of Greek Archaic silver coins and later, in the mid-fifth ... More

Greek Engineering and Construction  

Frederick A. Cooper

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides information on domestic and utilitarian architecture. The organization of this article intentionally follows the section topics typical of a modern engineering and ... More

Greek Warfare and Fortification  

Philip de Souza

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Evidence for the study of ancient Greek warfare is not distributed evenly across all periods. In the course of the eleventh, tenth, and ninth centuries bc, iron was gradually adopted as a ... More

Hydraulic Engineering and Water Supply  

Andrew I. Wilson

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the considerable Greek and Roman expertise in hydraulic engineering. Wells were the earliest and simplest form of artificial water supply. Most domestic wells, and ... More

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