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Anatolian States  

Trevor Bryce

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the history of state formation in the Anatolian States, focusing on the Hittite state, which it explains arose in north-central Anatolia early in the Late Bronze Age ... More

Ancient Near Eastern City-States  

Steven J. Garfinkle

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the formation of city-states in the Fertile Crescent. It provides a working definition of city-state in both spatial and social terms, and describes ... More

Bronze Age Greece  

John Bennet

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of state formation in ancient Greece during the Bronze Age, providing an overview of the nature of the Minoan states and the extent of control exercised ... More

Carthage  

Walter Ameling

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of state formation in Carthage, explaining that the history of the Carthaginian state is one with a changing constitution, with new institutions emerging ... More

Collegia and their Impact on the Constitutional Structure of the Roman State  

Jonathan S. Perry

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Focusing on a few key passages, derived principally from law codes and literary sources, this chapter sketches out the legal situation of collegia vis-à-vis “the state”. However, this ... More

Contracts, Commerce and Roman Society  

Roberto Fiori

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The Roman law of contract has developed itself around the idea of obligation. At the beginning of its history, transactions were possibly differentiated only at an economical level, while ... More

Courts and the Judicial System  

Jill Harries

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the courts and the judicial system of Roman Palestine. It takes note of the judicial diversity that existed during the time, and considers the Roman provincial ... More

Egypt  

Joseph G. Manning

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of, and the important factors that contributed to, state formation in ancient Egypt during the period from around 3500 BCE to the end of the Ptolemaic ... More

Greek City-States  

Mogens Herman Hansen

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of city-states of polis in ancient Greece. It explains that a polis was a strongly institutionalized and centralized micro-state consisting of one city ... More

The Greek Koinon  

Emily Mackil

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the koinon, a form of regional state in ancient Greece comprised of multiple poleis and in some instances other forms of community, and characterized ... More

Greek Multicity States  

Ian Morris

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter, which explores the history of multi-city states in ancient Greece during the archaic and classical periods, explains that leaders of small city-states were forced to attempt ... More

Hellenistic Empires  

John Ma

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter, which explores the history of state formation in ancient Greece during the Hellenistic period, describes state power during this period and discusses the narrative, ... More

Iranian Empires  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter explores the history of the formation of the Iranian Empires, identifying the major phases in state formation, which include the Achaemenid Empire, Iran in Hellenistic times, ... More

Jewish States  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the formation of Jewish states, discussing the geography and phenomenology of the Jewish states, and the relation between ethnos and state. It ... More

Law  

Jill Harries

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Roman historians have long used Roman legal texts – in the shape of the Twelve Tables; statutes, often preserved epigraphically; juristic writing; and the imperial codifications – as ... More

Law, Business Ventures and Trade  

J. J. Aubert

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter concentrates less on producing and distributing goods than on storing and transporting them within and across the Roman Empire. Roman law seems to have provided an adequate ... More

Mesopotamian Empires  

Gojko Barjamovic

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of state formation in ancient Mesopotamia, focusing on the Greater Mesopotamia region. It explains the role of territorially defined urban communities and ... More

Price Setting and Other Attempts to Control the Economy  

Egbert Koops

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Prices in the Roman economy were generally set by the operation of free market forces. Occasional government interventions in the form of price ceilings occurred in times of crisis, to ... More

Prologue  

Peter Fibiger Bang and Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the history of state formation in ancient North Africa and western Eurasia. The book aims to bridge the ... More

The Roman Empire I: The Republic  

Henrik Mouritsen

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the Roman Empire as a republic, explaining the formation of the Roman republic, its durability and relative stability, and the military expansionism ... More

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