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An Anarchéologie of Icons  

Glenn Peers

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines the development of a distinctive early Christian genre: the icon. It does so by taking a relatively unknown, but important, example of a devotional panel in a U.S. ... More

Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants  

Kevin Conti and William Walker

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to ... More

The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

The Art of the Catacombs  

Fabrizio Bisconti

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The art of the catacombs was born in Rome between the second and third centuries and is manifested especially in the pictorial decorations of the cubicula and other hypogeal environments. ... More

The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt  

Giulio Magli

In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many ... More

Bodies Revealed: X-ray Art in Western Arnhem Land  

Luke Taylor

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This chapter examines X-ray art in western Arnhem Land in northern Australia, considering how relatively contemporary artists used it to enrich the meaning of their work. After discussing ... More

The Christianization of Gaul: Buildings and Territories  

Bastien Lefebvre

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Based on recent archaeological excavations, this chapter presents an overview of the Christianization of Gaul through buildings and topography. Over the last few decades, our knowledge of ... More

Churches  

Charles Anthony Stewart

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Churches have been the subject of archaeological examination since the sixteenth century. As the most monumental expression of Christianity, they represent complex religious and societal ... More

Early Christian Mosaics in Context  

Karen C. Britt

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter provides an introduction to early Christian mosaics that emphasizes the important role played by archaeology in improving our understanding of their geographical and ... More

The Eleusinian Projector: The Hierophant’s Optical Method of Conjuring the Goddess  

Matt Gatton

The Mysteries of Eleusis in ancient Greece were the foremost sect of the mystery religions that dominated the eastern Mediterranean sphere for almost 2,000 years. The staying power of the ... More

The Handling of Light: Its Effect on Form and Space in the Greek Temple and the Byzantine Church  

Iakovos Potamianos

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter explores the handling of natural light in the classical Greek temple and the Byzantine church. It discusses concepts of orientation as related to their respective functions ... More

In Visible Presence: The Role of Light in Shaping Religious Atmospheres  

Mikkel Bille and Tim Flohr Sørensen

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This chapter explores the uses and perception of light in religious architecture. Often characterized as an ambiguous materiality—neither concrete and tangible nor distinctly ... More

Lighting in Muslim and Christian Religious Buildings: A Comparative Study  

Maria Sardi and Ioannis Motsianos

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The symbolic role of lighting in both Islam and Christianity is best mirrored in religious buildings, where light plays an integral role in the spiritual relation between the believers and ... More

Martyria  

David L. Eastman

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Martyria served as spatial focal points for numerous practices associated with the early Christian cult of the saints. However, the archaeological study of these martyr shrines is limited ... More

Phenomenology of Light: The Glitter of Salvation in Bessarion’s Cross  

Bissera V. Pentcheva

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Focusing on the glitter of gold in a fourteenth-century Byzantine cross—today inserted in the famous reliquary of Cardinal Bessarion, Venice, Gallerie dell’Accademia—this chapter uncovers ... More

Rock Arts, Shamans, and Grand Theories  

Anne Solomon

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The shamanistic or neuropsychological model for interpreting rock arts generally, and hunter-gatherer rock arts in particular, emerged in South African rock art research. It has since been ... More

The Role of Darkness in Ancient Greek Religion and Religious Practice  

Efrosyni Boutsikas

Aiming at a better understanding of ways through which the ancient Greek religious experience was shaped, this chapter investigates the role and use of darkness in religious belief and ... More

Statues  

Troels Myrup Kristensen

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter reviews the archaeological evidence for different forms of Christian use and reception of statues in the period between the third and the seventh centuries. Previous ... More

Visual Rhetoric of Early Christian Reliquaries  

Galit Noga-Banai

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter focuses on the visual language of early Christian reliquaries produced to contain fragments of sacred saints, sites, and events. It aims to describe and contextualize the ... More

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