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The Archaeology of Early Italian Churches in Context, 313–569 CE  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The archaeology of early Christian churches has made important advancements in recent decades in Italy thanks to a large number of new excavations and scientific meetings, as well as the ... More

Britain and Ireland, 100–700 CE  

David Petts

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter reviews the evidence for the archaeology of early Christianity in Britain and Ireland. Here, the church had its origins in the areas that lay within the Roman Empire in the ... More

Christian Landscapes in the Iberian Peninsula: The Archaeological Evidence (Fourth–Sixth Centuries)  

Alexandra Chavarría Arnau

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter traces the material evidence for the spread of Christianity in the Iberian peninsula (including Spain and Portugal) between the third and seventh centuries, focusing on a ... More

The Christianization of Gaul: Buildings and Territories  

Bastien Lefebvre

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Based on recent archaeological excavations, this chapter presents an overview of the Christianization of Gaul through buildings and topography. Over the last few decades, our knowledge of ... More

The Early Christian Archaeology of the Balkans  

William Bowden

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Textual sources attest to the early spread of Christianity across the Balkan region, and archaeological evidence demonstrates how the new religion transformed the built environment and ... More

The Eleusinian Projector: The Hierophant’s Optical Method of Conjuring the Goddess  

Matt Gatton

The Mysteries of Eleusis in ancient Greece were the foremost sect of the mystery religions that dominated the eastern Mediterranean sphere for almost 2,000 years. The staying power of the ... More

Feasting and commensal rituals  

Jody Joy

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Feasting was an important means of social communication in Iron Age Europe and has been described as a kind of social glue—creating and recreating society by bringing people together to ... More

Formal religion  

Miranda Aldhouse-Green

The presence of any kind of ‘formal’ religion in the European Iron Age is debatable but, as the period progressed, persistent patterns of religious expression began to emerge over wide ... More

Ritual sites, offerings, and sacrifice  

Ian Armit

This chapter examines the disparate scales of ritual deposition in Iron Age Europe, from the individual/household to the wider region. It explores commonalities underlying different ... More

The Role of Darkness in Ancient Greek Religion and Religious Practice  

Efrosyni Boutsikas

Aiming at a better understanding of ways through which the ancient Greek religious experience was shaped, this chapter investigates the role and use of darkness in religious belief and ... More

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