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Adoption Versus Alternative Forms of Care  

Brian Sloan

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter, which focuses on English law, considers preference for adoption in some circumstances from a comparative law perspective, before comparing the treatment of adoption to that of ... More

Anthropology and Islamic Law  

John R. Bowen

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
The anthropology of Islamic law is concerned centrally with observing and analyzing practices governed by explicit norms that are given Islamic justification, from commercial transactions ... More

The ART of Parentage  

Naomi Cahn

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2019
The world of reproductive technology, including donor gametes and surrogacy, brings new challenges to identifying parents and respecting children’s rights. An intending parent—married or ... More

Children at Risk of School Dropout  

Lucinda Ferguson

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2019
This chapter begins by outlining the routes through which children drop out of school. It then draws on the failings of the English system to suggest six key lessons for other ... More

Children in Fragile Families  

Sara McLanahan, Kate Jaeger, and Kristin Catena

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Families formed by unmarried parents increased dramatically in the United States during the latter half of the 20th century. To learn more about these families, a team of researchers at ... More

Children’s Participation in Decisions about Parenting Arrangements  

Patrick Parkinson and Judith Cashmore

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter explores the different ways that children can participate in custody and child protection cases. It is not only articulate older children and young people who ought to have an ... More

Children’s Right to Privacy  

Ayelet Blecher-Prigat

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter examines how (if at all) children’s right to privacy is concretely implemented in the legal realm. It considers children’s privacy when they are involved in legal proceedings, ... More

Contested Child Protection Policies  

Elizabeth Bartholet

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
This chapter discusses the tension over recent decades in child welfare policy in the United States between two conflicting value systems, one focusing on parent and group rights over ... More

Family Law  

Khiara M. Bridges

Print publication date:
Dec 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2020
This chapter examines the dual system of family law in the USA. It observes that the USA has a set of laws that regulates more affluent families and an entirely distinct set of laws that ... More

Gender, Justice, and Youth Development  

Francine T. Sherman

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2019
From the time the first US training school for girls was opened in 1856 to today, girls have been over-represented in the juvenile justice system for behaviors that stem from trauma, and ... More

The Incorporation of Shari‘a in North America: Enforcing the Mahr to Combat Women’s Poverty Post-relationship Dissolution  

Natasha Bakht

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
This article examines the shari‘a debate in North America, particularly the argument that shari‘a must be banned in Canada and the United States based on the belief that Islam is a threat ... More

Legislators Should Eliminate Religious Exemptions from Laws Protecting Children  

Marci A. Hamilton and Leslie C. Griffin

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The laws that protect children apply to everyone, religious and nonreligious. Too often, however, parents claim exemptions from child-protecting laws in the name of religious freedom beyond ... More

Procreation and Parenting  

Katharine K. Baker

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter explores the contemporary relevance of genetic connection to legal parental status. After briefly explaining the legal origins of the link between genetic and legal ... More

Race and the Adoption of Children  

Ralph Richard Banks

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2019
This chapter considers the role of race in the adoptive placement of children. In examining the law and policy issues, the chapter raises questions both about the role of race in American ... More

Reforming Child Welfare  

Marcia Robinson Lowry

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Child welfare has changed in some superficial ways over the years but key problems remain. The foster care population is once again rising, and most states fall far short of meeting even ... More

The Regulation of Reproduction and Best Interests Analysis  

I. Glenn Cohen

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
In its 1972 decision in Eisenstadt v. Baird, the US Supreme Court announced that: “it is the right of the individual, married or single, to be free from unwarranted governmental intrusion ... More

Relational Parents: When adults receive rights in children because of their relationship with a parent  

Robin Fretwell Wilson

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2019
Significant changes in family forms and dynamics (such as increases in nonmarital cohabitation, children cared for by extended family, and same-sex couples with children) have prompted ... More

School Accountability  

Morgan Polikoff and Shira Korn

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter summarizes the history and effects of standards-based school accountability in the United States and offers suggestions for accountability policy moving forward. It analyzes ... More

Screening Potential Parents  

James G. Dwyer

Print publication date:
Apr 2020
Online publication date:
May 2019
The state scrutinizes potential parents with some rigor in the context of adoption, and with good reason. There is no justification for not doing so as well in choosing a newborn child’s ... More

Shari‘a in Australia  

Abdullah Saeed

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This article examines the place of “shari‘a law” in Australian society, where Muslims are a minority. It begins by considering a paradox: some aspects of shari‘a are viewed positively, ... More

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