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Africa  

James Thuo Gathii

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter traces the two major trends in thinking about Africa’s engagement with international law from a historical perspective: ‘contributionists’ who emphasize Africa’s contributions ... More

Africa north of the sahara and arab countries  

Fatiha Sahli and Abdelmalek El Ouazzani

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter argues that the impact of Islam on the contribution of North Africa in the production of the norms of international law has been but relative. It must be associated with ... More

Alberico Gentili (1552–1608)  

Merio Scattola

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines Alberico Gentili’s life and teaching; Gentili and the history of international law; and Gentili and the doctrine of war. In Oxford, Alberico Gentili wrote a large ... More

Asia in the History and Theory of International Law  

Antony Anghie

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter looks at debates about Asia in scholarship on the history and theory of international law. It also traces the evolution of concepts of sovereignty in the context of Asia’s ... More

The Beginnings of State Jurisdiction in International Law until 1648  

Kaius Tuori

Print publication date:
Aug 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter examines the evolution of sovereignty, universal jurisdiction, and state authority prior to the existence of the Westphalian international legal order, studying three cases ... More

Bertha Von Suttner (1843–1914)  

Simone Peter

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter notes that the Austrian writer Bertha von Suttner was one of the leading figures of the late 19th-century peace movement. Her novel Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms!) ... More

The Caribbean  

David S. Berry

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter highlights some of the key issues and themes of Caribbean legal and historical development from the time of first contact between Europeans and the indigenous peoples of the ... More

Carl Schmitt (1888–1985)  

Bardo Fassbender

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Carl Schmitt belonged to the most influential German legal scholars and political theorists of the 20th century. While the focus of his work was constitutional law, legal theory, and ... More

China  

Shin Kawashima

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter examines the recognition of space and foreign relations in Chinese dynasties; the translation and teaching of international law; and the building of a modern State and the ... More

China–Europe  

Chi-Hua Tang

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Since ancient times, China has been the cultural, economic, and military leader in East Asia. Because of its privileged position in this region, the surrounding peoples and cultures have ... More

Christian Wolff (1679–1754)  

Knud Haakonssen

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter notes that Christian Wolff was one of the most influential philosophers in the German-speaking world and had considerable influence also in the wider Enlightenment world. ... More

The Civilized and the Uncivilized  

Liliana Obregón Tarazona

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
From the 16th century to the early 19th century, the concepts of civilized/uncivilized, which categorized and stratified peoples, nations, or States, were keys to the language of informal ... More

Colonialism and Domination  

Matthew Craven

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter outlines the relationship between international law and colonial practice across the 16th–19th centuries in a way which avoids the indulgence of believing that the law of ... More

Cornelius Van Bynkershoek (1673–1743)  

Kinji Akashi

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter discusses the life and work of Cornelius van Bynkershoek and his contribution to international law. Besides his practice as a lawyer and a judge, van Bynkershoek wrote a ... More

Cosmopolis and Utopia  

Dominique Gaurier

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter focuses on the sundry projects that have been planned over nearly six centuries towards a perpetual peace between the European nations. These projects essentially concerned ... More

The Critique of Classical Thought during the Interwar Period: Vattel and Van Vollenhoven  

Emmanuelle Tourme-Jouannet

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter connects the larger theme of the link between contemporary law and classical international thought to the ideas posited by two jurists—Cornelis Van Vollenhoven and Emer de ... More

Diplomacy  

Arthur Eyffinger

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter contends that the 1961 Vienna Convention highlights the intellectual harvest of millennia of troubled human intercourse, and that it suitably embodies the diplomatic legacy of ... More

Discovery, Conquest, and Occupation of Territory  

Andrew Fitzmaurice

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter notes that the history of the conventions employed to justify European expansion from the 16th to the 20th centuries is a triumph of the idea of occupation over its rivals of ... More

Doctrine Versus State Practice  

Anthony Carty

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter discusses legal doctrine and the creation of state practice; the doctrinal creation of a state practice; alternative intellectual frames for an understanding of state practice ... More

Emer De Vattel (1714–1767)  

Emmanuelle Jouannet

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
In 1758, Emer de Vattel published The Law of Nations or the Principles of Natural Law Applied to the Conduct and to the Affairs of Nations and of Sovereigns. The work enjoyed considerable ... More

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