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Compositionality  

Josh Dever

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The question of whether natural languages have compositional semantics continues to attract considerable interest, as do questions about the reasons for wanting compositionality, the ... More

Concepts and Possession Conditions  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The first virtue of the rough characterization of concepts in terms of ways of thinking of objects and properties, and their role in that-clauses, is that it highlights the relation between ... More

Conceptual Role Semantics  

Mark Greenberg and Gilbert Harman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Conceptual role semantics (CRS) is the view that the meanings of expressions of a language (or other symbol system) or the contents of mental states are determined or explained by the role ... More

Incomplete Understanding of Concepts  

Åsa Wikforss

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This article discusses the thesis that a subject can have a concept, think thoughts containing it, that she incompletely understands. The central question concerns how to construe the ... More

Information‐Theoretic Semantics  

Fred Dretske

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Informational semantics takes the primary — at least the original — home of meaning to be the mind: meaning as the content of thought, desire, and intention. The meaning of beliefs, ... More

Intention‐Based Semantics  

Emma Borg

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
There is a sense in which it is trivial to say that one accepts intention- (or convention-)based semantics. For if what is meant by this claim is simply that there is an important respect ... More

Intentionality  

Gabriel Segal

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article begins with a sketchy historical introduction to the topic, which will help bring into focus some of the pressing issues for philosophy in the twenty-first century. ... More

Introduction  

Daniel Star

Print publication date:
Jun 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The purpose and plan of the Handbook is described herein. Key concepts in the contemporary literature on reasons and normativity are introduced, and the forty-four chapters that make up the ... More

Language and Thought  

John Heil

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article aims to explore a pattern of reasoning about language and thought that seems to virtually guarantee a distortion of what precisely constitutes thinking. The guiding idea is a ... More

Language and Thought  

Laurent Jaffro

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter set outs the variety of eighteenth-century approaches to the relations between language and thought, beginning with post-Lockean debates focused on the status of abstract ... More

The Language Faculty  

Paul Pietroski and Stephen Crain

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article illustrates that humans have a language faculty, a cognitive system that supports the acquisition and use of certain languages, with several core properties. The faculty is ... More

Language in Cognition  

Peter Carruthers

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article discusses the ways in which natural language might be implicated in human cognition. The Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed his ideas on the interrelations between ... More

Literary Form and Mentalization  

Elisa Galgut

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter argues that literature—or at least certain kinds of literature—facilitates mentalization. Book reading shares some of the same features as mind reading. Psychoanalysis, via the ... More

Massive Modularity  

Richard Samuels

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The objective of the article is to discuss the evolution, hypothesis, and some the more prominent arguments for massive modularity (MM). MM is the hypothesis that the human mind is largely ... More

Meaning and Understanding  

Ian Rumfitt

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Something that a theorist of language may hope to understand — or to understand better as the result of his theorizing — is the notion of meaning, at least as it applies to sentences, ... More

Narrow Content  

Gabriel Segal

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The notion of narrow content arises from Hilary Putnam's well-known article ‘The Meaning of “Meaning” ‘. Putnam raised the question of whether the meaning of a word in a given subject's ... More

Psychologism  

Charles Travis

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article develops Frege's conception of answerability, and his correlative views on psychologism of the first sort. Compared to prior philosophers, such as British empiricists, Frege is ... More

Representationalism  

Frances Egan

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The article gives an overview of several distinct theses demonstrating representationalism in cognitive science. Strong representationalism is the view that representational mental states ... More

Semantic Externalism and Self‐Knowledge  

Jessica Brown

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The distinctive claim made by semantic externalism is that a subject's thought contents are partly individuated by her environment, and do not supervene on her ‘inner states’, such as her ... More

Wide Content  

Frances Egan

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Wide or externalist content is individuated in part by reference to features of a subject's external surroundings, by her physical environment or the community with which she ... More

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