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Abortion and Public Health Ethics  

Mahmoud F. Fathalla

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
There is an ethical imperative to take public health action to eliminate the global problem of unsafe abortion. The moral obligation is dictated by the magnitude of the problem, the health ... More

Access to Pregnancy-Related Services: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Elana Jaffe, and Margaret Olivia Little

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Advancing fair access to evidence-based pregnancy-related services is a critical public health priority. It is widely recognized that there are inequalities in lifesaving interventions. ... More

Aging Populations and Public Health Ethics  

Lois Shepherd

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines three primary public health goals relating to elderly populations: promoting healthy aging (including aging in place), reducing health inequities, and extending life ... More

Alcohol and Other Drugs: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Brendan Saloner

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter examines ethical principles that guide public health intervention to reduce the harms of alcohol and other drugs, including justice-based concerns regarding intervention. While ... More

Beyond Instrumental Value: Respecting The Will of Others and Deciding On Their Behalf  

Dana Howard and David Wendler

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2020
This chapter explores the ethical responsibilities of those who make medical decisions on behalf of individuals with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities that result in lifelong ... More

Bioethics, Disability, and Selective Reproductive Technology: Taking Intersectionality Seriously  

Christian Munthe

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter explores disability-based criticism against what is here called selective reproductive technology (SRT) such as prenatal screening programs in light of recent calls for ... More

Biosecurity and Public Health Ethics Issues Raised by Biological Threats  

Nicholas Evans and Thomas Inglesby

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
This chapter introduces ethical issues that arise in the context of biosecurity: policies and actions intended to prevent the development or emergence, or mitigate the consequences, of ... More

Care and Disability: Friends or Foes  

Eva Feder Kittay

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2020
This chapter argues that critical disability theory and an ethics of care, rather than offering opposing ways to think about disability, can be allies in crafting a theoretical foundation ... More

Caring, Empathy, and Moral Education  

Michael Slote

Print publication date:
Oct 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
This article argues in defence of the application of an empathy-based approach to moral education. It describes the nature of care ethics as it has developed in recent years in the work of ... More

Causing Disability, Causing Non-Disability: What’s the Moral Difference?  

Joseph A. Stramondo and Stephen M. Campbell

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Feb 2020
It may seem obvious that causing disability in another person is morally problematic in a way that removing or preventing a disability is not. This suggests that there is a moral asymmetry ... More

Children, Adolescents, and Public Health: Ethical Considerations  

Margaret Moon

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The population of children and adolescents encompasses a remarkable range of physiological, developmental, and experiential phenomena. Considered from a global perspective, differences may ... More

Civic Republican Disability Justice  

Tom O'Shea

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter develops a civic republican approach to disability justice. It begins by articulating a republican account of liberty as nondomination before showing how such domination can ... More

Climate Diplomacy  

Andrew Light

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
May 2016
This chapter explores the ethical dimensions of diplomatic efforts to form a global agreement on climate change. It offers a brief historical background on the core multilateral climate ... More

Cognitive Disability and Embodied, Extended Minds  

Zoe Drayson and Andy Clark

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Many models of cognitive ability and disability rely on the idea of cognition as abstract reasoning processes implemented in the brain. Research in cognitive science, however, emphasizes ... More

Cognitive Disability and Moral Status  

Alice Crary

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
This chapter provides a roadmap of ongoing conversations about cognitive disability and moral status. Its aim is to highlight the political stakes of these conversations for advocates for ... More

Community-Based Participatory Research: Ethical Considerations  

David R. Buchanan

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The conduct of community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a recent innovation in research designs aimed at identifying effective public health interventions. CBPR aims to maximize ... More

Conscientious Objection in Reproductive Health  

Armand H. Matheny Antommaria

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Conscientious objection in health care generally involves conflicts between health care providers asserting authority not to provide certain goods and services such as emergency ... More

Conscious Animals and the Value of Experience  

Lori Gruen

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Consciousness, understood as an awareness of what is going on that helps shape one’s experiences, is one of the ways that scholars have distinguished animal life from the rest of the ... More

Contraception and Public Health Ethics  

Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter discusses how potential conflicts between individual rights and public health goals can be managed in the context of contraceptive service delivery and research. It applies ... More

Contractualism, Disability, and Inclusion  

Christie Hartley

Print publication date:
Jul 2020
Online publication date:
May 2018
This chapter considers why social contract accounts may seem particularly ill-suited to address justice for all persons with impairments or illnesses. Two variants of social contract theory ... More

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