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Automation  

Roger Luckhurst

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter details the history of automation, technology released from any apparent human control. The term initially found favor in the 1950s with the first fully automated factories in ... More

The Contemporary English Novel and its Challenges to Ecocriticism  

Astrid Bracke

This article analyzes the challenges of contemporary English novel to ecocriticism. It explains that the novel has often been considered to be unsuitable or at least problematic for ... More

The Culture of Science  

Sherryl Vint

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter outlines the relationship between science and science fiction and explores how it has changed over the genre’s history. Although SF has been seen as a popularization of ... More

Extrapolation and Speculation  

Brooks Landon

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Most discussions of the nature of science fiction explore the relationship between “extrapolation” and “speculation,” terms with no fixed meanings, constructed differently by different ... More

Fandom  

Farah Mendlesohn

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter considers the social context of the rise and construction of the community understood as science fiction fandom. It explores the interactions between different types of ... More

Ferality Tales  

Greg Garrard

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article examines some tales of feral dogs in the context of ecocriticism and critical animal studies. It discusses the concept of ferality in ethology and evolutionary biology, and ... More

“First Principles of Morals”: Evolutionary Morality and American Naturalism  

Rick Armstrong

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the debate over evolutionary morality. While much evidence supports the scientific validity of evolution, it could not resolve was the origin of ethical behavior, ... More

Futurology  

Andrew M. Butler

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Much science fiction attempts to imagine probable, possible, improbable, or impossible futures, but it is not the only field of human endeavor to predict the future. This chapter explores ... More

Henry Green’s Late Modernism  

Joseph Elkanah Rosenberg

This article discusses the novels of Henry Green in relation to late modernism. It begins by discussing Green’s placement within current debates regarding the nature and scope of ... More

Histories  

Arthur B. Evans

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Many histories of science fiction exist. The oldest ones, from the 1940s to the 1960s, are usually thematic/authorial in their critical focus; those from the 1970s are more semiotic; and ... More

Is American Nature Writing Dead?  

Daniel J. Philippon

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This article examines the state of American nature writing and evaluates whether it has outlived its usefulness. It reviews several attempts to define nature writing as a genre and ... More

Late Virginia Woolf  

Anna Snaith

This article considers Virginia Woolf’s late writing—The Years, Three Guineas, and Between the Acts—in the context of recent shifts within modernist studies. It examines a range of ... More

Libertarianism and Anarchism  

Neil Easterbrook

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Libertarian and anarchist science fiction have several shared characteristics. Both demonstrate the tendency of SF to question, queer, or torque the present, presenting views that ... More

Literary Movements  

Gary K. Wolfe

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Science fiction in the United States began as a self-conscious movement in popular fiction, which had already split into various political and social factions by the end of the 1930s. With ... More

Literature and Landscape in the Eighteenth Century  

Stephen Bending

Drawing on literary, visual, and philosophical sources from the period, this article asks what is landscape, how was it represented and understood in the eighteenth century, and how might ... More

The Marketplace  

Gary Westfahl

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The history of science fiction was a long battle between editors and commentators, who sought to make science fiction a uniquely variegated form of popular fiction, and publishers, who ... More

Media and Mediation in the Eighteenth Century  

Paula McDowell

This article begins by discussing seventeenth- and eighteenth-century notions of media, mediation, and communication. How did early modern notions of the “medium” and of “mediation” ... More

Military Culture  

Steffen Hantke

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The marketing model of the cinematic blockbuster, together with the increasing economic viability and technological sophistication of CGI, has helped to foreground military adventure, ... More

Music  

John Cline

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter discusses the intersection of music and SF themes, considering both film scores and popular song. Since no general theory of “SF music” exists, it adapts the term ... More

News, Biography, and Eighteenth-Century Celebrity  

Brian Cowan

Celebrity was not invented in the eighteenth century, but it was transformed by the new publics, and the new media that emerged to cultivate and maintain these publics, from the ... More

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