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Dizque and other Emergent Evidential forms in Romance Languages  

Asier Alcázar

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter addresses the origin, meaning, syntax, and classification of dizque ‘they.say.that’. These questions are framed in the context of ongoing diachronic and synchronic ... More

Evidence and Evidentiality in Quechua Narrative Discourse  

Rosaleen Howard

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter discusses the working of evidentiality in Quechua narrative performance from the central highlands of Peru. In the Quechua narratives analysed, the grammatical marking of ... More

Evidentiality and Epistemic Modality in Gitksan  

Tyler Peterson

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter presents a sketch of the grammatical evidential system and related epistemic meanings in Gitksan, a critically endangered indigenous language of the Tsimshianic language family ... More

Evidentiality and the Cariban Languages  

Eithne B. Carlin

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter investigates the phenomenon of evidentiality in two Cariban languages, showing that the statement of source of information is not only a matter of grammatical expression, ... More

Evidentiality and the Expression of Knowledge: An African Perspective  

Anne Storch

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Evidentials in African languages range from systems that distinguish between firsthand and non-firsthand information to repertoires of evidential markers that express source of information, ... More

Evidentiality in Algonquian  

Marie-Odile Junker, Randolph Valentine, and Conor Quinn

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter surveys three representative chunks of the Algonquian family: the Cree-Innu-Naskapi continuum, Ojibwe, and Eastern Algonquian. After noting the very productive role of lexical ... More

Evidentiality in Bodic Languages  

Gwendoyn Hyslop

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The Bodic group of Tibeto-Burman languages infamously code a wide range of epistemological categories, including evidentiality (source of knowledge) and perhaps more contentiously ... More

Evidentiality in Boran and Witotoan Languages  

Katarzyna I. Wojtylak

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter is the first attempt to explore how evidentiality is expressed in two neighbouring language families spoken in northwest Amazonia, Boran, and Witotoan. The evidentiality ... More

Evidentiality in Formosan Languages  

Chia-Jung Pan

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter investigates evidentiality in Formosan languages. Five Formosan languages—Bunun, Paiwan, Kanakanavu, Saaroa, and Tsou—are discussed. Evidentiality in these languages is a ... More

Evidentiality in Japanese  

Heiko Narrog and Wenjiang Yang

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter provides an overview of the structure, meaning and use of evidential markers in Modern Japanese and a brief summary of evidential markers through Japanese language history. ... More

Evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian Languages  

Diana Forker

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter is focused on the formal expression of evidentiality in Nakh-Daghestanian languages (Russia, Caucasus) and on the semantic distinctions available for evidentials. The vast ... More

Evidentiality in Nambikwara Languages  

David Eberhard

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter describes evidentiality as it is expressed within the Nambikwara language family of west central Brazil, a loosely related affiliation of seventeen language communities living ... More

Evidentiality in the Languages of New Guinea  

Hannah Sarvasy

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
While most languages spoken on the island of New Guinea lack grammatical evidentiality, attested evidentiality systems are diverse. These range from small systems with only one marked ... More

Evidentiality in Tibetic  

Scott DeLancey

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter describes the evidential and related catetgories of Tibetic languages, concentrating on the Lhasa variety. Tibetic languages show an unusual evidential system based on a ... More

Evidentiality in Tukanoan Languages  

Kristine Stenzel and Elsa Gomez-Imbert

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of evidentiality in the Tukanoan family of northwestern Amazonia. It begins with the organization of Eastern Tukanoan evidential systems, ... More

Evidentials in Uralic Languages  

Elena Skribnik and Petar Kehayov

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter gives an overview of Uralic evidential systems: of the type A3 in Finnic, A2 in Mari and Permic, A1 and A2 in Ob-Ugric (with strong mirativization), of B3, C3, and higher types ... More

The Interactional and Cultural Pragmatics of Evidentiality in Pastaza Quichua  

Janis Nucholls

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This paper analyses the interactional and pragmatic effects of two evidential enclitics in the Pastaza Quichua language of Amazonian Ecuador. Attention is also given to represented ... More

The Reportative in the Languagesc of the Philippines  

Josephine Daguman

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter presents the results of research on the reportative in over two dozen Austronesian languages spoken in different parts of the Philippines. It shows a sampling of forms that the ... More

Turkic Indirectivity  

Lars Johanson

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter deals with various Turkic evidential categories, which typically express the notion of indirectivity. The primary task of indirectivity is not to express an external origin of ... More

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