Favorinus is chiefly known, besides the brief account in Philostratus and three speeches of his own composition, from his admirer Aulus Gellius and his enemy M. Antonius Polemon, who dilates on his lurid private life; this apparently made Hadrian, with whom he had a fraught relationship, banish him to Chios. His engagement with philosophy was sufficient to bring him into conflict with Galen. His close friend Herodes, a man of high birth and immense wealth, enjoyed a great reputation as an orator that did not secure the survival of any speeches barring one miserable effort almost certainly spurious. Despite his munificence, his overbearing power at Athens was much resented by its upper class; his lack of self-control, manifested in his excessive displays of mourning, brought him more than once into court, but he never lost the protection of his former pupil Marcus Aurelius.
Ryan C. Fowler
At the start of the Second Sophistic, following the trend set in the Academy in the second and first centuries bce, the work of Plutarch of Chaeronea (ca. 40–120 ce) began to move Platonism away from the Academic skepticism that had been embraced in the third and second centuries bce. This general shift started the trend toward a dogmatic interpretation of Plato that was, with a few exceptions, the hallmark of Platonic instruction during the early centuries ce. After Plutarch, we have in many cases only the names of those who taught Plato during the Second Sophistic, including figures such as Ammonius, Taurus, Numenius, Atticus, and Theon of Smyrna. More rarely, we have some handbooks and introductions to Plato’s dialogues and his doctrine, primarily from such second-century ce figures as Maximus of Tyre, Apuleius, Galen, Albinus, and Alcinous.