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Anthropology  

Maurizio Bettini

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Anthropology and the humanities both deal with man, but they deal with utterly different kinds of man. To put them together was a difficult task, therefore: it was not a simple question of ... More

Classical and Near Eastern Slavery in the First Millennium bce  

David M. Lewis

Twentieth-century scholarship, guided in particular by the views of M. I. Finley, saw Greece and Rome as the only true ‘slave societies’ of antiquity: slavery in the Near East was of minor ... More

Culture-Based Approaches  

Matthew Roller

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines some of the ways the concept of culture has been deployed in Roman Studies, and in classical scholarship more generally. In so doing, it hopes to show what kinds of ... More

The Early Imperial Monarchy  

Carlos F. Nqreña

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The most significant and distinctive features of the period covered in this article, roughly the first two centuries CE, were the political stability of the Roman state and the territorial ... More

Early Rome  

Nicola Terrenato

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
While century-old materialist and idealist frameworks still largely predominate in the archaeology and the history of later Roman periods, a freer theoretical rein can apparently be ... More

Economy and Quality of Life  

Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Among Roman historians, the resultant picture of a highly localised, fragmented, and largely agrarian economy that sustained a thin veneer of coerced transfers and trade in luxuries and a ... More

Freedom and Slavery  

Keith Bradley

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Tacitus famously opens his account of the Julii and Claudii with a disquisition on the history at Rome of freedom and monarchy. The rapid survey from the kings to the foundation of the ... More

Hellenism  

Tim Whitmarsh

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
There was never a time when Greece was not on Rome's horizon. Southern Italy and Sicily began to be colonised in the eighth century BCE, the period to which Varro famously dated the city's ... More

Imperial Ecumene and Polyethnicity  

Peter Fibiger Bang

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The ancient Mediterranean was a complex patchwork of diverse ethnic groups and cultures. Local or regional brands of knowledge, culture, and power had been subsumed under an imperial ... More

The Imperial Republic  

Harriet I. Flower

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Rome did not begin as a republic, nor as a small town any different from many others in Central Italy. It was only subsequently, after the emergence of a government based on elected ... More

Imperial Rome at War  

Phyllis Culham

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter discusses the war in imperial Rome. The legions in the Principate were highly protected assets, even during an aggressive advance. It is observed that tactical victory on one ... More

The Languages of Roman Palestine  

Willem Smelik

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the various different languages in Roman Palestine. It begins by studying the intersection of the cultural and administrative languages with local vernaculars, which ... More

The Later Roman Empire  

Richard Lim

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
From the passing of Marcus Aurelius (d. 180 CE) to the reign of Justinian (527–565) and beyond, the Roman imperial state underwent changes that were as profound and full of interest as ... More

Power  

William V. Harris

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The idea of Rome and the idea of power are inextricably linked. A system of law is an abstraction, and that will remind us that abstractions, as well as people and groups of people, ... More

Prosopography  

Werner Eck

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Derived from the Greek word prosopon, person, prosopography denotes a scholarly discipline that is concerned with historical personages. It is, taken literally, ‘the study of persons’. To ... More

The Roman Empire I: The Republic  

Henrik Mouritsen

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the Roman Empire as a republic, explaining the formation of the Roman republic, its durability and relative stability, and the military expansionism ... More

The Roman Empire IIThe Monarchy  

Peter Fibiger Bang

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the transformation of the Roman Empire from a republican to a monarchy system of government, explaining that the republican system was replaced because its political ... More

Roman Identity  

Emma Dench

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
‘Identity’ and ‘ethnicity’ are terms that overlap considerably in modern scholarship, as in the use of the phrase ‘ethnic identity’. It is perhaps the comfortable mixture of ‘authenticity’ ... More

The Roman Provincial Administration  

Rudolf Haensch

Print publication date:
Aug 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes Roman provincial administration, starting with the provinces and their boundaries. It then looks at the personnel who helped Roman governors deal with the ... More

Spectacle  

Kathleen M. Coleman

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The spectacles of the arena and the circus, although beneath mention in sophisticated discourse, were a pervasive cultural force in Roman society. More pervasive in the towns and cities of ... More

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