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Classical and Near Eastern Slavery in the First Millennium bce  

David M. Lewis

Twentieth-century scholarship, guided in particular by the views of M. I. Finley, saw Greece and Rome as the only true ‘slave societies’ of antiquity: slavery in the Near East was of minor ... More

Greece and Rome  

Tim Whitmarsh

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Looking mainly on the literature of the Roman Empire, this article examines the kinds of Hellenisms practised by Romans and other non-Greeks. It claims that not all Hellenisms were centred ... More

Greek and Roman Terminologies of Slavery  

Rachel Zelnick-Abramovitz

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The Greeks had no single generic term for ‘slave’, but a variety of terms for diverse relations of dependence and unfree people, many of which were also used to describe free people. ... More

Greek and Roman Theories of Art  

Deborah Steiner

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter examines Greek and Roman theories of art, paying particular attention to images, the notion of “ancient art theory,” the theory of mimesis, and the ideas of philosophers ... More

Historiography and Theoretical Approaches  

Kevin Greene

Print publication date:
Dec 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the work performed on Greek and Roman technology in recent decades. It then addresses how technology has come to be perceived as an integral component of the society ... More

The Historiography of Greek and Roman Art and Architecture  

A. A. Donohue

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter focuses on the modern historiography of art and architecture in ancient Greece and Rome and its relationship with modern intellectual history. It begins with an analysis of ... More

Infant Exposure and Infanticide  

Judith Evans Grubbs

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter discusses the ancient practice of infant exposure via the abandonment of a newborn within the first week of life. Although often equated with infanticide (the outright killing ... More

The Monetary Background of Early Coinage  

John H. Kroll

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In the Greek world, monetary practices included the transactional use of weighed bullion. Special circumstances explain why coinage happened to originate in the Greek region. One was that ... More

Pictorial Paideia: Children in the Synagogue  

Hagith Sivan

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Against the background of the centrality of a text-oriented society and the crucial role of the Hebrew Bible in shaping Jewish childhood in antiquity, this chapter considers the role of ... More

Raising a Disabled Child  

Christian Laes

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter approaches the theme of ancient disabilities from the angle of the life course. After an introduction on definitions and concepts as well as demography and medicine, it ... More

Roman Perspectives on the Greeks  

Alessandro Barchiesi

Print publication date:
Aug 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In turning to the vexed relationship between Latin and Greek literature, this article analyses a series of famous passages about Rome's debt to Greece, and calls on readers to be more ... More

The Second Sophistic  

Thomas A. Schmitz

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the Second Sophistic, which is considered as a cultural movement that gained prominence during the second and third centuries ad. It was also characterized by ... More

Slave and Lower-Class Roman Children  

Hanne Sigismund-Nielsen

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The lives of lower-class children in Rome must frequently have been sad and brutal. They would be put to work very early in life, and their hope for a good life and for social progress ... More

Slaves as Active Subjects: Collective Strategies  

Niall McKeown

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Ancient slave owners often wanted to see slaves merely as extensions of their own social persona. Modern historians, however, have given increasing attention to ancient slaves as active ... More

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