This article demonstrates the status and conditions of Roman children in the family. The first section explains the demographic conditions of children in Roman society, including the high mortality rates and the various contraceptive methods used. The next section looks at the childhood of Roman children, from their birth to their coming of age. The roles of the mother and father are also discussed. The last section of the article discusses orphans and stepparents and stepsiblings. This article concludes that very few Roman children grew up in an intact core family; rather, they grew up in heterogeneous families, with stepsiblings and stepparents.
This article discusses the notions of hospitality, or hospitium, among the Romans and how this affected their social relations. It shows that the practice of hospitality was viewed in a positive light, and may have been important in lessening conflicts. It then differentiates between guest friendship and hospitality, and looks at the sacred character of hospitality. The article also discusses the tokens given as a sign of guest friendship and the exchange of gifts and provision of services by the hospites. It also cites some instances where hospitality failed to meet the expectations of one or both of the parties involved.
This article looks at the Roman family, which was the basic economic and social unit of Roman society. It studies how the family was constituted, and notes that the purpose of marriage in ancient Rome was the creation of children. It discusses the relations between husband and wife and determines that the family was important in shaping the different identities of its members.
This article considers both the role of the family in the making of Late Antiquity and the place of Late Antiquity in the history of the family. It begins with a brief survey of the rise of family history in ancient studies. It then analyzes the influence of law, religion, and social structure on the late Roman family. Marriage is viewed as the central strand in the ancient family.