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The First Islamic Empire  

Chase F. Robinson

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the history of the establishment of the first Islamic Empire. It explains that the Arab Muslims took control of a culturally and religiously heterogeneous and ... More

Mandaic Literature  

Jorunn J. Buckley

Still extant, the Mandaeans are the longest-surviving Gnostic people from the era of late antiquity. Belonging to the rubric of Gnostic Baptists, the Mandaeans may have had a historical ... More


Claude Brixhe

After being enslaved for centuries, the Phrygians recovered at the end of the first century ce. They were, of course, Hellenized, and they produced a great quantity of epigrams. But they ... More