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Abbreviations and Symbols  

Nikolaos Gonis

Published in print:
Dec 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
The first part of this article deals with abbreviations found in Greek documentary papyri and ostraca. The documents in which abbreviation is rife are predominantly those produced on a ... More

Accounting in Proto-Cuneiform  

Robert K. Englund

Published in print:
Sep 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article examines the accounting methods in proto-cuneiform during the archaic period. It discusses the importance of archaic numerical and metrological systems as elements of social ... More

Adapting to New Contexts: Cuneiform in Anatolia  

Mark Weeden

Published in print:
Sep 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on cuneiform and scribal education in Anatolia. It attempts to trace some of the developments in the corpus of knowledge and training when it let the confines of its ... More

Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean  

Sabine R. Huebner

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on the practice of adoption and fosterage in the Eastern Mediterranean, a family strategy that is, compared with its equivalent in the Roman West, understudied. She ... More

Aegina Kolonna  

Walter Gauss

Published in print:
Jan 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Aegina was one of the major centers of the Aegean Bronze Age. This article discusses the most important information about the site of Kolonna, the main settlement known on the island. The ... More

Aegina, the Cyclades, and Crete  

Kenneth Sheedy

Published in print:
Feb 2012
Published Online:
Nov 2012
During the fifth and sixth centuries BC, the massive issues of Aegina dominated coin circulation throughout the Cyclades and Crete. The Cycladic islands were quick to bring out their own ... More

Aelius Aristides  

Estelle Oudot

Published in print:
Dec 2017
Published Online:
Nov 2017
This chapter discusses how, despite himself, Aelius Aristides corresponds in many ways to the typical portrait of the sophist. It examines how his personality was both emblematic ... More

Aelius Donatus and His Commentary on Terence’s Comedies  

Chrysanthi Demetriou

Published in print:
Jan 2014
Published Online:
Dec 2013
The chapter begins with a short overview of the history, structure, and themes of the commentary on Terence composed by the grammarian Aelius Donatus. The main discussion explores the ... More

“Aeschylus Got Flow!”: Afrosporic Greek Tragedy and Will Power’s  

Kevin J. Wetmore Jr.

Published in print:
Oct 2015
Published Online:
Dec 2015
This essay employs hip-hop theory, specifically the ideas of the sample (incorporating text or music from another source) and the mashup (a free blending of two songs to form a third), to ... More

Aesop and Animal Fable  

Jeremy B. Lefkowitz

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the tensions between the symbolic valence of anthropomorphic animals and authentic concerns about real animals in fables of ancient times. It provides an overview of ... More

Aesthetic, Sociological, and Exploitative Attitudes to Landscape in Greco-Roman Literature, Art, and Culture  

Diana Spencer

This article introduces and discusses ancient and contemporary approaches to landscape and proposes model readings for their evaluation. Model readings suggest strategies drawn from ... More

Aesthetics and Latin Literary Reception  

Michael Squire

Published in print:
Mar 2015
Published Online:
Mar 2015
This chapter analyzes some of the historical ways sculpture was conceptualized, critiqued, and evaluated in the Roman world. How did Roman viewers go about making sense of statues? What ... More

Affect and Emotion in Greek Literature  

David Konstan

Published Online:
Oct 2015
This article examines the way the ancient Greeks conceived of the emotions. Special attention is paid to the differences between classical Greek and modern English conceptions, in line ... More

After Antiquity  

Clifford Ando

Published in print:
Jun 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
The analysis and periodisation of the events and changes that take us from the Roman Empire at its height to whatever came after it have long occupied a distinguished place in European ... More

Afterlife (Antiquity and Byzantine Era)  

Luciano Canfora

Published in print:
Nov 2018
Published Online:
Jan 2019
Chapter 33 focuses on Demosthenes’ reception in antiquity and during the Byzantine Era. In particular, it examines the character and value of the 15 ‘demegoriai’ that survive from ... More

Afterlife (Modern Era)  

Alastair J. L. Blanshard

Published in print:
Nov 2018
Published Online:
Jan 2019
Chapter 34 focuses on Demosthenes’ reception in the modern era. It was Cicero and Quintilian who made sure that Demosthenes will never be forgotten. The praise that they heaped on ... More

Agriculture and Agricultural Technology  

Michael Decker

Published in print:
Oct 2008
Published Online:
Nov 2012
A misconception about Byzantium is that its agriculture was not technically advanced. In reality, Byzantine farmers were effective in sustaining the population for more than a thousand ... More

Agriculture and Farming  

Zeev Safrai

Published in print:
Aug 2010
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article presents a survey of research in farming and agriculture. It discusses the extent the economy was open that involved export and import. It then demonstrates how the local ... More

Agriculture as Civilization: Sages, Farmers, and Barbarians  

F.A.M. Wiggermann

Published in print:
Sep 2011
Published Online:
Sep 2012
This article examines the role of farmers and sages in the history of cuneiform writing in ancient Mesopotamia. It explains that when cuneiform writing was invented at the end of the ... More

Akrotiri  

Christos Doumas

Published in print:
Jan 2012
Published Online:
Sep 2012
Forty years of continuous and systematic geological and archaeological investigations at Akrotiri on the island of Santorini (Thera) have yielded ample evidence for reconstructing the ... More

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