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Adoption and Fosterage in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean  

Sabine R. Huebner

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on the practice of adoption and fosterage in the Eastern Mediterranean, a family strategy that is, compared with its equivalent in the Roman West, understudied. She ... More

Aesop and Animal Fable  

Jeremy B. Lefkowitz

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the tensions between the symbolic valence of anthropomorphic animals and authentic concerns about real animals in fables of ancient times. It provides an overview of ... More

The Ancient Child in School  

W. Martin Bloomer

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
This chapter offers a child-centered account of the history of education in the Greek and Roman worlds. A sketch of the introduction and adaptation of training in literacy stresses the ... More

Ancient Fishing and Fish Farming  

Geoffrey Kron

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
This article focuses on fishing and fish farming in ancient Greece and Rome. It discusses evidence showing the important place occupied by fish and shellfish in Graeco-Roman culinary ... More

Ancient Fossil Discoveries and Interpretations  

Adrienne Mayor

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter examines the discoveries and interpretations of fossil discoveries in ancient times. It analyses nearly one hundred accounts from more than thirty ancient authors, from ... More

Animal Communication  

Thorsten Fögen

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Apr 2014
This chapter examines references to forms of animal communication in ancient Greek and Roman literature. It analyses prose texts from the fourth century BC until the third century AD, ... More

Animal Husbandry  

Geoffrey Kron

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
In ancient Greece and Rome, there is evidence that animal husbandry was a technically sophisticated and productive enterprise. Archaeozoological studies show that the size of livestock was ... More

Animal Magic  

Daniel Ogden

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Nov 2014
This chapter examines the role of animals in magic in antiquity. It considers the four main ways by which the world of animals intersected with the world of magic in antiquity. These ... More

Animal Sacrifice in Antiquity  

Gunnel Ekroth

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
In ancient Greece and Rome, animal sacrifice was performed as a ritual to communicate with the gods, heroes, and other divine beings. Such rituals were meant to ask the divine recipients ... More

Animals and Divination  

Peter Struck

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the role of animals in divination in ancient times. It discusses ancient observers’ interpretation of signs coming from instinctive animal behaviour and from the ... More

Animals and Triumphs  

Ida Östenberg

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
This chapter examines the role of animals in triumphal processions in ancient Rome. It explains that Roman horses drew the chariot of the triumphator in the procession while Roman draught ... More

Animals in Classical Art  

Alastair Harden

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
May 2014
This chapter examines the place and role of animals in art history of the Classical period. It addresses questions concerning animal imagery within the visual culture of the ancient ... More

Animals in Egypt  

Angela McDonald

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Jun 2014
This chapter examines the changing contexts in which animals feature in ancient Egypt, from Ptolemaic to Roman times. It explores the major parts roles played by animals: as divine ... More

Animals in Epic  

Laura Hawtree

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the role of animals in ancient epic poetry. It explains that throughout the Classical period an impressive range of creatures finds its way into the genre and these ... More

Animals in Late Antiquity and Early Christianity  

Ingvild Sælid Gilhus

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the treatment of animals from various texts during the period from late antiquity to early Christianity. It discusses the references to animals in the New Testament ... More

Animals in Tragedy  

Chiara Thumiger

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the role of animals in tragedy in ancient times. It analyses the ways animals participate in the tragic representation of the world and investigates how animal ... More

Animals in Warfare  

Adrienne Mayor

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the use of animals in warfare in ancient times. It explains that some creatures deployed against enemies were involuntary zoological allies, such as herds of cattle ... More

Becoming Human: From the Embryo to the Newborn Child  

Véronique Dasen

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
Since antiquity, speculations on the emergence of human life and the status of the embryo have prompted intense debates. How does fetal matter grow into a human being? When does it have a ... More

Being the One and Becoming the Other: Animals in Ancient Philosophical Schools  

Stephen T. Newmyer

Published in print:
Aug 2014
Published Online:
Mar 2014
This chapter examines the views of ancient philosophers on the connection between humans and animals. It explains the preoccupation of ancient Greeks in investigating whether the ... More

Boys, Girls, Family, and the State at Sparta  

Nigel M. Kennell

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Dec 2013
The Spartan citizen training system (agoge) has long been essential to the Spartan mirage. Current debate centers on the suitability of Hellenistic- and Roman-period material for ... More

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