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Aaron Wildavsky, The Politics of the Budgetary Process  

Joachim Wehner

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter comments on Aaron Wildavsky’s seminal work, The Politics of the Budgetary Process, an in-depth look at the norms and rules of budgeting in the United States and the stable ... More

Accountability and Ambiguity  

Johan P. Olsen

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Ambiguity is intrinsic to life. Yet, mainstream accountability theory reduces its area of application by not taking ambiguity seriously. The literature treats too many aspects as exogenous ... More

Accountability and Blame–Avoidance  

Christopher Hood

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter advances three claims. First, it argues that the concepts of accountability and blame-avoidance have much in common and can be understood as mirror-image concepts for the ... More

Accountability and Democracy  

Mark E. Warren

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Democracy, rule of the people, is comprised of complex webs of accountabilities between people and those who use power to govern on their behalf. Democratic accountability is comprised of ... More

Accountability and Multi-Level Governance  

Yannis Papadopoulos

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter first presents the major characteristics of multi-level governance and gives examples thereof from the European and the transnational level. It then identifies a number of ... More

Accountability and New Public Management  

Per Lægreid

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter links the rise of public accountability to the wave of New Public Management (NPM) reforms. It argues that the relationship between increased managerial accountability and ... More

Accountability and Principal–Agent Theory  

Sean Gailmard

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Principal-agent theory encapsulates a tradition of rational choice modeling in which some actor(s)—the principal(s)—uses whatever actions are available to provide incentives for some other ... More

Accountability and Time  

Jerry L. Mashaw

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter puts the issue of time on the accountability studies agenda. It argues that time is a crucial consideration in the design of accountable institutions. But it also claims that ... More

Accountability and Trust  

Dorothea Greiling

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
In the past decades we have witnessed an increase of public accountability obligations while trust in the public sector has become more volatile. Based on a literature review, different ... More

Accountability as a Cultural Keyword  

Melvin J. Dubnick

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter examines the emergence of accountability as a culturally significant concept that both reflects and shapes changes taking place in our understanding of contemporary ... More

Accountability Deficits  

Richard Mulgan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The notion of an accountability deficit is particularly associated with the absence of political control by democratically elected political representatives (where it is linked with a ... More

Accountability in Public Administration  

B. Guy Peters

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Reconciling the permanence and expertise of the public bureaucracy with political control is a persistent problem in democracies. Accountability is an increasingly complex and difficult ... More

Accountability Overloads  

Arie Halachmi

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Accountability overload results from uncoordinated efforts to assure accountability with disregard of the opportunity cost. In the public sector there are many incentives to add new ... More

Accountable Civil Servants  

John Uhr

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter examines international debates over civil service accountability. It begins with early twentieth-century theories of state forms of politically neutral public accountability ... More

Accountable Global Governance Organizations  

Jonathan G. S. Koppell

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Governance is about creating processes and structures that constrain and regulate behavior. There is a wide variety of global governance organizations. Global governance organizations have ... More

Accountable International Relations  

Michael Goodhart

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The demand for more accountable international relations is really a demand for greater legitimacy. While many transnational actors are highly accountable, they lack legitimacy because they ... More

Accountable Networks  

Erik-Hans Klijn and Joop F.M. Koppenjan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
If public policies and services are decided upon and delivered in networks comprised of various parties from within and outside government, accountability often is seen as problematic. ... More

Accountable Public Services  

Barbara S. Romzek

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter reviews accountability issues that arise in service delivery, including traditional direct delivery as well as delivery through contracts, partnerships, intergovernmental ... More

Accounting and Auditing  

Christie Hayne and Steven E. Salterio

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter outlines the sources of public accountability in financial accounting practices and how public accounting (i.e., auditing) attempts to ensure financial accounts are ... More

Administrative Reform  

Göran Sundström

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
This chapter contains an analysis of Swedish administrative reform from the mid-1970s until today. It shows that Sweden has embraced most New Public Management ideas. Regarding management ... More

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