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Academic Research and the Intelligence Community: some reflections  

Jonathan Evans

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2019
In this chapter, writing as a retired intelligence officer who worked for much of my career on terrorist issues, I consider how attitudes to academic work on terrorism have developed, from ... More

Accountability and Citizen Participation  

Bodil Damgaard and Jenny M. Lewis

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter provides an analytical framework aimed at measuring citizen participation in public accountability processes beyond the fundamental mechanism of parliamentary elections. The ... More

Accountability and Time  

Jerry L. Mashaw

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter puts the issue of time on the accountability studies agenda. It argues that time is a crucial consideration in the design of accountable institutions. But it also claims that ... More

Accountability and Trust  

Dorothea Greiling

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
In the past decades we have witnessed an increase of public accountability obligations while trust in the public sector has become more volatile. Based on a literature review, different ... More

Accountability, Legitimacy, and the Court of Public Opinion  

Mark H. Moore

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Liberal societies have long been concerned about the effective control of the powerful governmental institutions that arise within them. Over the past decade and a half, governments have ... More

Accounting for Crises  

Sanneke Kuipers and Paul 't Hart

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Crises—be they natural disasters, industrial accidents or system collapses—are no longer seen as “acts of God”; they immediately invoke intense debates on culpability and consequences. ... More

The Accuracy of Opinion Polling and its Relation to its Future  

Michael Traugott

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This chapter discusses the concept of accuracy and how to measure it. It presents a chronology of the accuracy of the presidential pre-election polls during the 2008 election, and then ... More

Activists, Influence, and Representation in American Elections  

Walter J. Stone

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article describes the place of party activists in the electoral process, with attention to questions about whether and how they distort processes of electoral representation in the ... More

Adaptive Informal Institutions  

Kellee S. Tsai

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
Historical institutionalism (HI) has traditionally focused on formal institutions designed and enforced by official entities in advanced industrial democracies. Yet the modalities of ... More

Affect  

Marianne Liljeström

Print publication date:
Feb 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
During the last few decades, feminist affect studies have enunciated challenging epistemological and ontological questions based on numerous discussions and readings of affect as emotive ... More

Affect and Political Choice  

Ann N. Crigler and Parker R. Hevron

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Whether political observers and participants applaud or decry the presence of emotions in political decision-making, scholars have begun to view the relationship between affect and reason ... More

African American Legal Status from Reconstruction Law to the Nadir of Jim Crow: 1865–1919  

Lisa Crooms-Robinson

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
As Emancipation and Reconstruction eliminated much of the legal foundation of slavery, states and individuals became increasingly concerned about preserving the racial integrity of ... More

African American Legal Status from the Harlem Renaissance through World War II  

Lisa Crooms-Robinson

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
At the end of World War I, whites tried to put blacks back in their place. They found, however, that the place of African Americans had changed. The Harlem Renaissance represented the ... More

African Political Leadership  

Gerrie Swart, Jo-Ansie van Wyk, and Maryke Botha

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This chapter probes the past, present, and emerging scholarship in the study of African political leadership. Key questions the chapter will seek to address include: what is the state of ... More

Agency  

Lois McNay

Print publication date:
Feb 2016
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter traces key developments in feminist thought on agency through an underlying tension between the descriptive and normative senses of the term. Feminist theories of agency as ... More

Agenda Setting and Bounded Rationality  

Bryan D. Jones and Zachary A. McGee

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
This chapter reviews the existing scholarship on agenda setting, focusing on two aspects of human choice. The first aspect centers on behavioral analyses of choice, especially cognitive ... More

Aggregating and Representing Political Preferences  

G. Bingham Powell

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article talks about aggregating and representing political preferences. It presents the challenge of social choice analysis and identifies the conditions for representative democracy ... More

Aggregating Survey Data to Estimate Subnational Public Opinion  

Paul Brace

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Public opinion’s role in shaping governmental actions is a central concern of democracy, yet the absence of systematic state-level survey data has inhibited analyses of public opinion at ... More

Altruism and Political Participation  

Richard Jankowski

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Democratic government requires the participation of its citizens, but Downs shows that it is not in the self-interest of individuals to vote, or acquire political information. This chapter ... More

American Electoral Practices in Comparative Perspective  

Mark N. Franklin and Till Weber

Print publication date:
Feb 2010
Online publication date:
May 2010
This article concentrates on three areas in which American elections have features that are illuminated by voting behavior in countries with somewhat different features. These features are ... More

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