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Africa and the Contestation of Sexual and Gender Diversity: Imperial and Contemporary Regulation  

Monica Tabengwa and Matthew Waites

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
This chapter considers sexualities and genders in Africa by exploring the relationship between precolonial, colonial, and current forms of regulation. The field of research on sexual and ... More

The Electoral System of Israel  

Matthew S. Shugart

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The electoral system of Israel is an “extreme” example of proportional representation because of its use of a single nationwide district. This feature has been a constant since 1949, while ... More

The Executive Branch in Israel  

Ofer Kenig

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2018
As in other parliamentary democracies, the Israeli government is dependent on the confidence of parliament. Israel is a country with a diverse society, divided by multidimensional political ... More

The Expansion of LGBT Rights in Latin America and the Backlash  

Javier Corrales

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
After two and a half decades of progress, the struggle for LGBT rights in Latin America started to experience a new form of backlash in the mid-2010s. Backlashes against LGBT progress are ... More

International relations and the International Criminal Court  

Njoki Wamai

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Apr 2020
The tensions generated by the International Criminal Court’s (ICC’s) indictment of four prominent Kenyans—including Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto, who went on to become president and ... More

The Judicial Branch in Israel  

Menachem Hofnung and Mohammed S. Wattad

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The contemporary perception of Israel’s judiciary as an independent branch does not coincide with Israel’s first government’s perception after establishing the first Supreme Court. To a ... More

The Judiciary in Nigeria Since 1999  

Patrick Ukata

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Since May 1999, the Nigerian judiciary has increasingly been called upon to play a more critical role in interpreting the constitution, ensuring the enforcement of the rule of law and the ... More

Land, Citizenship, and the Laws of Disenfranchisement  

Victor Adefemi Isumonah

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter discusses the power of indigeneity in citizenship determination in Nigeria. It grants political economy a role but rejects the denial of culture an independent status in ... More

The Legislative Branch in Israel  

Chen Friedberg and Reuven Y. Hazan

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The Knesset is the legislative body of Israel, which has been a parliamentary, unitary democracy since its foundation. It is a unicameral parliament, elected through a proportional election ... More

Legislative Politics in Spain  

Bonnie N. Field

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2020
This chapter explains the functions and working of Spain’s parliament, las Cortes Generales. More specifically, it first analyses parliament’s place within the constitutional system, and ... More

LGBT Rights, Sexual Citizenship, and Blacklighting in the Anglophone Caribbean: What Do Queers Want, What Does Colonialism Need?  

Cornel Grey and Nikoli A. Attai

Print publication date:
May 2020
Online publication date:
Jun 2019
This chapter takes up questions of sexual citizenship by examining the desire for and impact of LGBT rights discourses in the Anglophone Caribbean. The chapter works through the ... More

Parties and the Party System of Israel  

Reuven Y. Hazan

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Both the parties and the party system of Israel have undergone significant changes during the last seventy years. This chapter begins by delineating the transformation of the political ... More

Political Reform in Israel  

Gideon Rahat

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Israel has experienced both failed and successful attempts to reform its democratic institutions in the seventy years since its founding. The most noteworthy failure has been in the ... More

Sharia Politics, the 1999 Constitution, and the Rise of the Fourth Republic  

Olufemi Vaughan

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Analyzed in the context of the protracted sharia crisis that dominated Nigeria’s fourth attempt at civil democratic government (the Fourth Republic), this chapter provides historical, ... More

The “Constitutional” System of Israel  

Gregory Mahler

Print publication date:
Apr 2021
Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Israel’s constitutional setting and “unwritten” constitution have evolved over the years, influenced by actions of the Supreme Court of Israel and the Knesset, Israel’s parliament. Israel’s ... More

Women’s Contemporary Struggles for Rights and Representation  

Cheryl O'Brien

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Although one may expect that democratic transitions lead to improvements in women’s rights based on citizens’ access to democratic policy processes, meaningful policy changes to improve ... More

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