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Alcide De Gasperi and Palmiro Togliatti  

Aldo Agosti

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Alcide de Gasperi and Palmiro Togliatti were the two pivotal figures of the early postwar period. Despite their different political outlook, the two collaborated during the last phase of ... More

Alexis Tsipras  

Myrto Tsakatika

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter follows the evolution of Alexis Tsipras’ radical Left political leadership in its shift from an inclusive to a personalized model as well as from a maverick to a mainstream ... More

Andreas Papandreou  

Andreas Pantazopoulos

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This study is concerned with the political discourse and practice of Andreas Papandreou both as prime minister of Greece (1981–9, 1993–6) and as the founder and ‘charismatic leader’ of ... More

Bettino Craxi and Giulio Andreotti  

Antonio Varsori

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Bettino Craxi and Giulio Andreotti played a leading role in Italy’s political life in the 1980s. Andreotti rose to prominence as Defense Minister in the 1960s, developing close links with ... More

Bringing the Territory Back in: Toward a New Understanding of the Regional Dimension of the EU  

Charlie Jeffrey and Carolyn Rowe

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Analysis of the ‘regional dimension’ of the EU has long since noted how the European integration process reframes the space for political action that regions can access. Clearly, ... More

Burden-Sharing  

Eiko Thielemann

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
References to ‘burden-sharing’, ‘responsibility-sharing’, or what the Lisbon Treaty now prefers to call ‘solidarity between the member states’ are frequently heard in the context of EU ... More

CAP  

Francis Snyder

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was the European Economic Community's (EEC) first (and for a long time only) common policy. Following the trauma of World War II, it was based partly on ... More

The Centre  

Sotiris Rizas

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The Centre originated from the Liberals, led by Eleftherios Venizelos, who embarked on a project of Greece’s modernization in the early twentieth century and the interwar period. After ... More

The Challenge of European Union  

Richard Bellamy

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines the political challenges of the European Union (EU). It explains that political theorists and scientists alike have viewed European integration as a laboratory for ... More

Challenges to French Public Administration: mapping the vitality of its knowledge sources  

Philippe Bezes

Print publication date:
Nov 2016
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
This chapter aims to characterize the French administrative system and its contemporary transformations, by identifying the dynamics and diversity of the research conducted on this subject ... More

Church, State, and Hellenism  

Paschalis M. Kitromilides

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The chapter examines the formation of a Greek national Church and its role in the political life of the country. The emergence of an independent (autocephalous) Orthodox Church in the ... More

Civil Society  

Asteris Huliaras

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
In the post-1974 era Greek society suffered from low levels of civic engagement, associational density, and volunteering. Non-governmental and civil society organizations were relatively ... More

The Common Foreign and Security Policy  

David Allen

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Since 1954, when the six founding European member states of the European Coal and Steel Community chose not to create a European Defence Community (EDC), the member states of the EU ... More

The Communists  

Giorgos Charalambous

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter attempts to provide an understanding of the Greek Communist Party’s (KKE’s, Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας) physiognomy across time and in comparative perspective through an ... More

Comparative Regional Integration: Theoretical Developments  

Walter Mattli

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Comparative regional integration has emerged over the last decade as an exciting area of research. Interest was sparked, in part, by a new wave of integration in Asia, Africa, and the ... More

Competition Policy  

Imelda Maher

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
Competition policy is a highly technical policy field, which plays a role in wider EU constitutional and governance developments. It is inextricably linked to the internal market, making it ... More

The Conservatives  

Manolis Alexakis

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
The chapter provides a presentation of the creation and development of the New Democracy party (ND, Νέα Δημοκρατία) in Greece, after the restoration of democracy, in 1974. Smooth transition ... More

Constantine Karamanlis  

Evanthis Hatzivassiliou

Print publication date:
Oct 2020
Online publication date:
Nov 2020
This chapter discusses the impact of Constantinos Karamanlis on Greek politics. Karamanlis, leader of the Greek Right, served as prime minister for fourteen years (1955–63 and 1974–80), and ... More

The Constitutional and Lisbon Treaties  

Youri Devuyst

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This article examines the EU's failed attempt to approve the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (Constitutional Treaty) and its successful replacement by the Treaty of Lisbon. It ... More

The Constitutional Context of (Ever–Wider) Policy–Making  

Stephen Weatherill

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
There is a temptation to suppose that the creation and maintenance of an integrated trading area in the EU brings with it a need for a general regulatory competence vested in the EU ... More

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