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Accounting for Complex Survey Designs: Strategies for Post-stratification and Weighting of Internet Surveys  

Erin Hartman and Ines Levin

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This chapter focuses on methods for analyzing data from Internet surveys with complex survey designs in order to draw inferences that can be generalized to a target population of interest. ... More

Affect and Political Choice  

Ann N. Crigler and Parker R. Hevron

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Whether political observers and participants applaud or decry the presence of emotions in political decision-making, scholars have begun to view the relationship between affect and reason ... More

Aggregating Survey Data to Estimate Subnational Public Opinion  

Paul Brace

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Public opinion’s role in shaping governmental actions is a central concern of democracy, yet the absence of systematic state-level survey data has inhibited analyses of public opinion at ... More

At-A-Distance Analysis  

Mark Schafer

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter reviews the state of the art in at-a-distance analysis. This methodology originated in attempts by psychologists and students of policy-making and international relations to ... More

Biographical Analysis  

James Walter

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter reviews the historical development of the genre of biography in relation to the social sciences, and discusses the debates about its utility in the study of leadership. Taking ... More

Biological and Psychological Influences on Interpersonal and Political Trust  

Matthew Cawvey, Matthew Hayes, Damarys Canache, and Jeffery J. Mondak

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
May 2017
Levels of interpersonal and political trust undoubtedly ebb and flow in response to external stimuli. Despite the variability in one’s environment, there is good reason to believe that ... More

Citizens, Elites, and Social Media: Methodological Challenges and Opportunities in the Study of Persuasion and Mobilization  

Philip Habel and Yannis Theocharis

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
In the last decade, big data, and social media in particular, have seen increased popularity among citizens, organizations, politicians, and other elites—which in turn has created new and ... More

Cultural and Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Terrorism  

Siniša Malešević

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Terrorism is often understood to be a cultural phenomenon involving different and competing ideological perceptions of social and political realities. Hence the terrorists themselves, ... More

Debating How to Measure Media Exposure in Surveys  

Seth K. Goldman and Stephen M. Warren

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
To answer many of the most pressing questions in the social sciences, researchers need reliable and valid measures of media exposure that can be implemented in surveys. Despite ... More

Decision Analysis  

David Brulé, Alex Mintz, and Karl DeRouen

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter focuses on the decision-making models and biases used to explain the decisions of political leaders with a particular emphasis on foreign-policy decisions. We summarize some ... More

Digital Mapping of Urban Mobility Patterns  

Douglas J. Wiebe and Christopher N. Morrison

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Achieving accurate measurements of mobility and where people spend time is an essential step toward understanding how environments influence people’s impressions, actions, well-being, and ... More

Digital Media and Perceptions of Source Credibility in Political Communication  

Andrew Flanagin and Miriam J. Metzger

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
The rich research heritage on source credibility is fundamentally linked to processes of political communication and the provision of political information. Networked digital technologies, ... More

Election Forecasting: The Long View  

Michael S. Lewis-Beck and Charles Tien

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This article offers a new way to evaluate the pros and cons of predicting US presidential elections: the long view versus the short view. Election forecasters who take the long view stress ... More

Ethnography of Politics and Political Communication: Studies in Sociology and Political Science  

Eeva Luhtakallio and Nina Eliasoph

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
The ethnographic approach has particular potential for studying political communication through enlarging understandings of political institutions and expanding definitions of “politics.” ... More

Exit Polling Today and What the Future May Hold  

Anthony M. Salvanto

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter considers exit polls from a researcher’s perspective, pointing out how it compares in terms of operation and sampling to more conventional pre-election polling and speculating ... More

Experimental Analysis  

Rose McDermott

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter provides an overview of the experimental study of leadership historically, describing a few seminal studies that outline the central concepts and debates in the field. Very ... More

Formal Approaches to the Study of Terrorism  

Jacob N. Shapiro

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2019
A large game-theoretic literature has developed to study terrorism. This literature has made significant contributions to the understanding of terrorism by providing a useful guide to ... More

How Can Computational Social Science Motivate the Development of Theories, Data, and Methods to Advance Our Understanding of Communication and Organizational Dynamics?  

Noshir Contractor

Print publication date:
Feb 2020
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
It is almost a decade since the article “Computational Social Science” was published in Science (Lazer et al., 2009). That article advocated for computational social science as a promising ... More

Implicit Political Attitudes: When, How, Why, With What Effects?  

Dan Cassino, Milton Lodge, and Charles S. Taber

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter reviews recent work on implicit political attitudes, detailing how, when, and why unconscious processes impact the explicit expression of political beliefs, attitudes, and ... More

Left–Right Orientations  

Peter Mair

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses left–right orientations; the left–right dimension has been described as a ‘shorthand’ device that helps facilitate comparisons through space and time. It first ... More

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