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Africa’s Political Economy in the Contemporary Era  

Peter M. Lewis

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
May 2016
This article discusses Africa’s political economy in the contemporary era. It begins with an overview of various theories, models and debates that address African economic performance ... More

Agency and Gender Norms in War Economies  

Patti Petesch

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter describes shifts in gender roles and agency during times of conflict, noting that the changes men and women experience are interdependent and arguing that a conflict period ... More

Agroecological Intensification of Smallholder Farming  

Rebecca Nelson and Richard Coe

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
The smallholder farmers who cultivate many of the planet’s diverse production systems are faced with numerous challenges, including poverty, shrinking farm sizes, degrading natural ... More

Albert O. Hirschman, Exit, Voice and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States  

Keith Dowding

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter discusses Albert Hirschman’s Exit, Voice and Loyalty, a classic known for its relatively simple argument that has found many applications in fields ranging from personal ... More

Alternative Paths to Food Security  

Norman Uphoff

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter examines an agroecological approach to agricultural development called the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). SRI can boost paddy yields by 50 to 100 percent using less ... More

Ambiguous Transformations: The 2007/08 International Financial Crisis and Changing Economic Roles of the State  

Eric Helleiner

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
Over the past century, international financial crises have often helped transform the role of the state within domestic economies as well as the nature of economic relations between ... More

Anthony Downs, “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle”  

Kuhika Gupta and Hank Jenkins-Smith

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter comments on Anthony Downs’s 1972 seminal paper “Up and Down with Ecology: The ‘Issue-Attention’ Cycle,” which tackles the concept of “public” or “issue” attention. Focusing on ... More

Authoritarian Government  

Stephen Haber

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses authoritarian government, and argues that the literature on authoritarianism can be integrated into a unified framework that explains variance in economic ... More

The Bank of Italy  

Lucia Quaglia

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Government weakness and political fragmentation lie at the roots of the Bank’s importance in economic governance. The Bank maintained independence in appointments throughout the postwar ... More

Biofuels: Competition for Cropland, Water, and Energy Resources  

David Pimentel and Michael Burgess

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
A rapidly growing world population and an even more rapidly growing consumption of fossil fuels are increasing demand for both food and biofuels, which will exaggerate both the food and ... More

Business  

Tanja A. Börzel and Nicole Deitelhoff

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Business has become an important governor in areas of limited statehood (ALS). While the shadow of hierarchy is not necessary to incentivize companies, their contributions to governance ... More

Capitalism and Democracy  

Torben Iversen

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses three different approaches to the study of democratic redistribution. It starts by considering the recent literature on capitalism as an economic system, and how the ... More

Capitalism, Institutions, and Power in the Study of Business  

Pepper D. Culpepper

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
This chapter explores the contributions of historical institutionalist scholarship to understanding preference formation in business. It critiques the analytical drift of the literature ... More

The Changing Role of the State in Liberal Market Economies  

Peter A. Hall

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter reviews the principal developments affecting the states that preside over liberal market economies in the decades since World War II. After considering the perspectives ... More

China: Economic Liberalization, Adaptive Informal Institutions, and Party-State Resilience  

Kellee S. Tsai

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) continues to monopolize political power against what are conventionally understood to be powerful odds against authoritarian survival: rapidly growing ... More

Civil Conflict and Development  

Håvard Hegre

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This article examines the relationship between civil conflict and development. After outlining definitions of conflict and development, it considers a number of explanations of why they ... More

Coalition Government  

Daniel Diermeier

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on coalition government, beginning with important empirical work that has motivated an institutionalist shift in the study of government coalitions. It discusses the ... More

Colonialism and Development in Africa  

Leander Heldring and James A. Robinson

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
In this article, we evaluate the impact of colonialism on development in sub-Saharan Africa. In the world context, colonialism had very heterogeneous effects, operating through many ... More

Comparative Perspectives on the Role of the State in the Economy  

Anne Wren

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article has a comparative perspectives on the role of the state in the economy. It first describes the challenges that are posed to the thesis that state actors possess the ... More

The Competition State: The Modern State in a Global Economy  

Philipp Genschel and Laura Seelkopf

Print publication date:
Jun 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter examines the premise of the competition state thesis, which highlights an incremental, undramatic, and peaceful transition of state form from welfare to “competition state.” ... More

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