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Africa’s New Economic Opportunities  

Paul Collier

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This article explores Africa’s new economic opportunities, paying particular attention to two economic prospects that are better than at any time since Africa gained independence. More ... More

Africa’s Quiet Revolution  

Margaret McMillan and Kenneth Harttgen

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This chapter examines Africa’s structural transformation, from its prolonged period of weak economic growth since the 1970s to the period of stronger growth over the past decade. It first ... More

African Growth Strategies: The Past, Present, and Future  

Augustin Kwasi Fosu and Eric Kehinde Ogunleye

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter provides a panoramic view of the conceptualization, design, and implementation of growth strategies in Africa, from the pre-colonial period to the present. These strategies ... More

Economic Geography of Russia  

Andrei Markevich and Tatiana N. Mikhailova

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
In this chapter we review economic, geographical, and historical literature on the spatial allocation of the economic activity in Russia. We distinguish three main factors that shaped ... More

The Economics of Colonialism in Africa  

Gareth Austin

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
A perennial debate casts European rule as either modernizing previously largely static African economies or, in contrast, as retarding their development both at the time and, via ... More

Ethiopia’s Transition from a Traditional to a Developing Economy, 1890s–1960s  

Bekele Shiferaw

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Feb 2019
At the end of the nineteenth century, Ethiopia had a traditional economy dependent on ox-plough agriculture and crafts. Goods and services were exchanged through the barter system. This ... More

The Evolution of Property Rights Systems  

Bruce Benson

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
This chapter examines the institutions of a property rights system. It discusses the two ways for institutions of property to be developed: (1) through explicit or implicit bargaining as ... More

Growth Trends in Russia After 1998  

Revold M. Entov and Oleg V. Lugovoy

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The goal of this chapter is to examine the performance of the Russian economy during the 2000s. We study sources of economic growth during the period, applying growth accounting framework ... More

Innovation and Foreign Technology  

Federico Barbiellini Amidei, John Cantwell, and Anna Spadavecchia

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
The chapter explores the long-run evolution of Italy's performance in technological innovation as a function of international technology transfer, reconstructing the different phases and ... More

Institutional Performance  

Leonid Polischuk

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The chapter discusses evolution and performance of Russia’s economic institutions. Outcomes and driving forces of institutional change in the country throughout its postcommunist history ... More

Introduction  

Michael Alexeev and Shlomo Weber

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The handbook represents a comprehensive study of the Russian economy. The chapters analyze the current economic situation, trace the effect of Soviet legacies and post-Soviet transition, ... More

Modernization and the Russian Economy: Three Hundred Years of Catching Up  

Vladimire Mau and Tatiana Drobyshevskaya

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
From the turn of eighteenth century, Russian economic development has been determined by catching-up approach with the Western countries. This task was central for all Russian ... More

On the Origins of Stock Markets  

Edward Stringham

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Where did stock markets come from? Stock exchanges and the rules and regulations that make stock markets possible were not invented by government but instead emerged from the market. From ... More

An Overview of Italy’s Economic Growth  

Gianni Toniolo

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Between 1861 and 2011, Italy's GDP per person multiplied by about twelve times. An initially backward country, Italy converged to the productivity leaders in 1898-1992, whereas between 1861 ... More

Productivity  

Stephen N. Broadberry, Claire Giordano, and Francesco Zollino

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Italy's economic growth over its 150 years of unified history did not occur at a steady pace, nor was it balanced across sectors. Relying on an entirely new input (labor and capital) ... More

Prolegomena to Economics as an African Science: A Philosophical Meditation  

Fabien Eboussi Boulaga

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2015
This chapter highlights the rational mechanics that underlines the formulation of propositions in conformity with the logic of linking economic production to a geographic location. It ... More

Religion, Conflict, and Cooperation  

Michael T. McBride and Gary Richardson

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article notes that many of the wars which have ever taken place have done so across religious divides. Whether religion can be considered an ultimate cause or an epiphenomenon of more ... More

Russia’s Economic Transformation  

Anders Aslund

Print publication date:
Jul 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
When Mikhail Gorbachev became General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in March 1985, the Soviet economic system was petrified with minimal growth. Gorbachev launched a ... More

Shifting Paradigms in Latin America's Economic Development  

José Antonio Ocampo and Jaime Ros

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter analyses the central features of shifting paradigms in Latin America, presents an overall evaluation of the development outcomes, and describes state-led industrialization, a ... More

Structural Transformation in Egypt, 1965–2015  

Khalid Ikram

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Between 1965 and 2015, the structure of the Egyptian economy changed slowly. The share of agriculture in GDP halved, while industry increased correspondingly, but most of it represented ... More

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