Eric T. Meyer and Ralph Schroeder
This chapter examines how the Internet is transforming academic research in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. The question of changes in knowledge is one that science and technology should be well equipped to answer. The chapter also offers examples that show the range of e-Research. E-Research needs novel tools, and organisational structures as well as researchers should change their everyday practices. VOSON can be seen as part of a burgeoning engagement in e-Social Science. The e-Research component has the advantage of enhanced visibility. The sociology of science and technology does not have the conceptual tools to simultaneously deal with how research communities are oriented to shared objects, how this impacts various styles of science and knowledge, and how scholarly practices are therefore being transformed.
Historical Reflections on the Practice of Information Management and Implications for the Field of MIS
M. Lynne Markus
This article gives an overview of the contemporary management information systems (MIS) landscape, the leading social theories applied in studies of MIS, the major concerns of contemporary information management practice, and the larger social issues in which information technology (IT) is implicated at present. It briefly characterizes three co-evolving trends in the practice of information management: the professionalization of management and information management, the externalization of IT work, and the transformation of in-house IT services. Professionalism facilitates the movement of IT workers among IT-using organizations. It also promotes externalization, which means the movement of IT professionals out of IT-using organizations and into organizations that specialize in the provision of IT services. These trends are likely to continue unfolding for some years to come, leading to new opportunities and challenges for the field of MIS.
Rudy Hirschheim and Heinz K. Klein
This article attempts to look at factors and events that led to the birth of the information system (IS) field, and traces how the field has changed over time and evolved. It also explains why at various times different names such as MIS, IT, IS, information management, information science, etc., have been proposed to label the IS field. Each framework's architects are thought to have discovered the true core of IS. Despite significant and seemingly continuous efforts toward defining the boundary of the IS field, the boundary remains fluid. The first step in trying to understand and resolve these issues is to step back and reflect on the history of the IS field. Such an understanding would facilitate IS researchers in answering the questions about IS, differentiating the IS field from other disciplines, and developing a sense of an IS identity.