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A Brief History of Theory and Research on Impression Formation  

James Uleman and Laura M. Kressel

Print publication date:
Aug 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Why do we view people as we do? What is scientifically tractable, in that view? How did subjective concepts such as traits become legitimate “objects of perception”? Thorndike, Asch, and ... More

Communal (and Other) Relationships: History, Theory Development, Recent Findings, and Future Directions  

Margaret S. Clark and Oriana R. Aragón

Print publication date:
Apr 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This chapter describes a program of research focused on the nature of giving and receiving benefits in close relationships. It begins with an initial, qualitative distinction drawn between ... More

Culture in Action: A Discursive Approach  

Kyoko Murakami

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The overall aim of this chapter is to discuss an approach to studying culture by drawing on the project of remembering and reconciliation from a discursive psychology perspective. I ... More

Evolved Individual Differences in Human Motivation  

Larry C. Bernard

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Three social science approaches—evolutionary psychology, behavioral ecology, and behavioral genetics—share the metatheory of evolution. They also suggest several mechanisms that may ... More

Identity and Addiction: What Alcoholic Memoirs Teach  

Owen Flanagan

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Chapter 51 focuses on the subjective side of alcoholism, specifically about what memoirs of alcoholism teach about alcoholism, and argue that a common theme in many memoirs is that ... More

Identity in Emerging Adulthood: Reviewing the Field and Looking Forward  

Seth J. Schwartz, Byron L. Zamboanga, Koen Luyckx, Alan Meca, and Rachel Ritchie

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter presents a review of identity status-based theory and research with adolescents and emerging adults, with some coverage of related approaches such as narrative identity and ... More

Never “at-Home”?: Migrants between Societies  

Mariann Märtsin and Hala W. Mahmoud

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This chapter explores the dialectic meaning of “home,” and movement away from home. Movement away from home—or migration—is characterized as a dynamic, dialectic, and developmental ... More

Past, Present, and Future of Flow  

Antonella Delle Fave

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Flow or Optimal Experience is a positive and complex state of consciousness arising in situations characterized by the individual’s perception of high challenges in the task at hand, and ... More

Personal Identity and Identity Disorders  

Stephen R. L. Clark

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
There are people where two or more personalities seem to have independent-and sometimes mutually forgetful-control of the same bodily individual. This chapter gives a brief account of the ... More

Personality Disorder and Validity: A History of Controversy  

Peter Zachar and Robert F. Krueger

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter describes the introduction of the concept of personality in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century as a secularization and medicalization of the notion of character. ... More

The Phenomenology of Affectivity  

Thomas Fuchs

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
In contrast to current opinion which locates mental states including moods and emotions within our head, phenomenology regards affects as encompassing phenomena that connect body, self, ... More

Positive Psychology: Past, Present, and Future  

Ed Diener

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter briefly reviews the history of positive psychology, and the endeavor by scientists to answer the classic question posed by philosophers: What is the good life? One piece of ... More

Psychopharmacology and the Self  

Fredrik Svenaeus

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Psychopharmacological drugs have effects on selfhood in ways that often overlap with the treatment of mental disorders, but the effects also go beyond the domain of disorder into the ... More

The Pursuit of Happiness in History  

Darrin M. McMahon

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This article examines the pursuit of happiness from a historical perspective, tracing Western philosophical reflection on the subject from the ancient Greeks to the present. Focusing on a ... More

Teaching the History of Psychology: Aims, Approaches, and Debates  

Alexandra Rutherford and Wade Pickren

Print publication date:
Aug 2015
Online publication date:
May 2014
Teaching the history of psychology offers both challenges and opportunities for the psychology instructor. We present a variety of course development and pedagogical strategies by ... More

Thought Insertion, Self-Awareness, and Rationality  

Johannes Roessler

Print publication date:
Jun 2013
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
This chapter argues that recent attempts to make sense of the delusion of thought insertion in terms of a distinction between two notions of thought ownership have been unsuccessful. It ... More

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