Phillip D. Ruppert and Deborah K. Attix
Older adults will account for a growing proportion of the global population. There will be an increased need for clinicians who are competent in evaluating and/or treating geriatric disorders. The ability to differentiate between normal and pathological conditions of aging will be essential to the clinical practice of geropsychologists and general clinicians. Clinicians specializing in care of geriatric populations will be well served by knowledge of how to identify and manage the emotional and functional impact of both normal cognitive change and the neurological disorders of ageing. This chapter provides an overview of some of the most common causes of cognitive impairment in later life. We then discuss options for assessing for cognitive impairment in older adults and best practices for providing feedback of cognitive testing to geriatric patients and their care-givers. Next, we introduce the topic of neuropsychological interventions as a non-pharmacological tool that clinicians may use to help older adults and care-givers compensate for cognitive impairments in their daily lives. Finally, a model for treatment planning in neuropsychological interventions is discussed, and case examples are provided to illustrate use of this model.